OLPC Mexico

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2007 status: red
  red      
Estado actual: rojo


Ver También / See Also: OLPC Spanish America

Education in Mexico
Educational oversight
Minister of Public Education
Secretariat of Public Education
Alonso Lujambio
National education budget (2007) MXN$1,309,691,048,383
USD$96,342,469,250
Primary language(s) of education Spanish as the standard. Other minority languages are also available in their local communities.
Nationalized system
Establishment

September 25, 1921
Literacy (2000)
 • Men
 • Women
95.8 %
97.6 %
93.8 %
Enrollment
 • Primary
 • Secondary
 • Post-secondary
26.6 million
18.5 million
5.8 million
2.3 million
Attainment
 • Secondary diploma
 • Post-secondary diploma

N/A
N/A
Sources: Sistema Educativo de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Principales cifras, ciclo escolar 2003-2004 pdf and the 2000 Census (INEGI)

Contents

Current OLPC Mexico webpages

(updated October 2010)

See also

MAP!

"Live" portrait of Mexico's emerging deployments and volunteers: http://olpcMAP.net?go=mexico

Don't hesitate to add your own community's OLPC project and voice!

Introduction

Levels of educational attainment have increased rapidly in most developing countries since the 1950s (Schultz, 1988).

Although Mexico also benefited from that development, there was a significant lag in its educational indicators. Londoño (1996), for example, points to an “education deficit,” according to which Latin American countries in general, and Mexico in particular, have approximately two years less education than would be expected for their level of development.

Elías (1992) finds that education was the most important source of improvement in the quality of labor in Latin America between 1950 and 1970, although such improvements did not take place to the same extent in Mexico as in other countries in the region.

This changed dramatically in the 1980s. Mexico’s educational attainment increased steadily after the 1970s, it remained below the international trend line.

The closure of Mexico’s education gap vis-à-vis the rest of the world was hastened in part by the country’s economic stagnation. Mexico’s real GDP per capita in the mid-1990s was roughly the same as it had been in the first half of the 1980s.

Nevertheless, this should not detract from the remarkable increase in schooling that occurred during the 1980s. While the level of average schooling in Mexico increased by roughly a year per decade during 1960–80 (from 2.76 to 4.77 years), it increased by two years in the decade of the 1980s.

This acceleration in schooling was the product of concerted efforts to increase the coverage of basic education, combined with advances made in the reduction of primary school repetition and dropout rates.

Noticias

2011-5-8 premiosinternet.org UY:Premios Internet 2011 - XIII Edición. C4-Mejor Iniciativa, Plan Ceibal, Uruguay.
2011-5-8 elobservador.com.uy UY:Ceibal compite como mejor iniciativa en Premios Internet 2011. Es destacado como un plan de inclusión social y tecnológica.
2011-5-3 elobservador.com.uy UY:Ceibalitas impulsaron a 75.000 adultos a navegar.
2011-4-30 elpais.com.uy UY:El País inauguró su aula Ceibal.
2011-1-18 180.com.uy UY:Ceibal se reformula para llegar a todos los maestros.
2011-1-6 elpais.com.uy UY:Revista especializada en tecnología alaba el Plan Ceibal.
2010-12-30 larepublica.com.uy UY:Cambian ceibalitas de liceales que las recibieron en la escuela.
2010-12-10 elpais.com.uy UY:Juegos para las XO y la selección, lo más buscado en Uruguay.
2010-11-26 ecosregionales.net UY:Flores es uno de los departamentos con mayor empuje del Plan Ceibal.
2010-11-24 elpais.com.uy UY:Mejores resultados en matemática por Ceibal. En las pruebas de lenguaje no provocó efectos, según estudio.
2010-11-15 elpais.com.uy UY:Universidad de la República - Facultad de Ingeniería: Dispositivo electrónico que permite escribir y dibujar sobre las pantallas de las XO.
2010-10-18 observa.com.uy UY:Plan Ceibal tiene buena aceptación en colegios privados.
El 66% de la población cree que esas instituciones deben integrarse al programa, indica una encuesta.
2010-10-6 larepublica.com.uy UY:El Plan Ceibal llega desde hoy a la enseñanza media. Los alumnos de UTU accederán a las laptops en 2011.
2010-10-5 espectador.com UY:Alumnos de Secundaria y UTU tendrán laptops del Plan Ceibal.
(La condición para tener acceso a estas máquinas es estar estudiando.)
2010-09-28 elacontecer.com.uy UY:En sus XO los escolares duraznenses nos muestran su mirada sobre el patrimonio.
2010-09-24 larepublica.com.uy UY:Plan Ceibal sale del LATU.
2010-09-27 180.com.uy UY: El Varela del futuro entretiene con las XO.
2010-08-9 summer.harvard.edu UY: "Una mirada antropológica al papel de la tencología en la educación" Presentación trabajos finales Ceibal-Harvard. Lunes 9 de agosto de 2010 Hora 10hs. Edificio Ceibal. LATU Av. Italia 6201.
2010-06-15 efectocine.com UY: Animate. 1 Concurso Nacional de cortos de animación con la XO.
2010-05-24 tiempo.com.uy UY: CeibalJam reconocida por Prix Ars Electronica.
2010-05-24 portalx.com.uy UY: Llega el Plan Ceibal a liceos y provoca resistencia docente.
2010-05-22 180.com.uy UY: Cortos con las XO. Hay tiempo hasta el 15 de junio para presentar los proyectos
2010-04-29 180.com.uy UY: Un 85% de los niños usa internet.
2010-04-09 lanacion.com.ar AR: Uruguay decidió extender el plan de entrega de laptops a alumnos secundario.
2010-03-20 flordeceibo.edu.uy UY: Proyecto Flor de Ceibo (Universidad de la República) - Bases llamado a estudiantes 2010, UDELAR.
2010-03-20 flordeceibo.edu.uy UY: Proyecto Flor de Ceibo (Universidad de la República) - Bases llamado a estudiantes referentes 2010, UDELAR.
2010-03-15 ceibal.edu.uy/blog UY: Nuevos precios de reparaciones de XO.
2010-03-05 elpais.com.uy UY: El Plan Ceibal comenzará a usar la red de Movistar.
Se firmó un acuerdo público privado entre autoridades del Latu y la telefónica.
2010-02-12 pagina12.com.ar AR: Uruguay extiende el Plan Ceibal al nivel inicial.
2010-01-05 infosurhoy.com UY: Uruguay culmina la primera fase del Plan Ceibal.
2010-01-05 sociedaduruguaya.org UY: Dios Momo y el Plan Ceibal visitan los merenderos del INDA.
2010-01-04 oei.es ES: Uruguay: Plan Ceibal inicia el verdadero trabajo de inclusión social, tecnológica y educativa.
2009-12-24 larepublica.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal: Niños miran menos TV y consultan más fuentes de información en sus laptops.
2009-11-27 encuentrovoluntarios.blogspot.com UY: Programa del 2° Encuentro de Voluntarios RAPCeibal 2009.
Sábado 5 de diciembre 8.30 a 18hs en el LATU, Montevideo-Uruguay
2009-11-27 encuentrovoluntarios.blogspot.com UY: Enviá tus fotos para el Concurso Fotográfico: “Miradas del Plan Ceibal” - Encuentro Nacional de Voluntarios RAPCeibal 2009. (Plazo de envío de material vence el viernes 4 de diciembre).
2009-11-07 ceibaljam.org UY: Encuentro Ceibal Jam 5 - Paysandú - URUGUAY.
El jam llega a todos lados, vení a programar Python para las XO. Sábado 7 de 11-21hs y domingo 8 de 9-17hs. Leandro Gómez esq. 33 Orientales.
2009-11-02 es.wikipedia.org UY: Canal Ceibal - Wikipedia - La Enciclopedia Libre.
2009-10-30 180.com.uy UY: Llega Canal Ceibal.
2009-10-30 paysandu.gub.uy UY: Encuentro Ceibal Jam en Paysandú Innova .
2009-10-16 elpais.com ES: Uruguay da ordenadores a todos sus estudiantes de primaria. El país suramericano se convierte en el primero del mundo en asegurar el acceso de todos sus alumnos a la informática.
2009-10-16 elsalvador.com SV: Uruguay da ordenadores a todos sus estudiantes de primaria. El sitio de la BBC en Internet destaca el proyecto socioeducativo que inició en 2007 Uruguay, que consiste en otorgar a cada niño de primaria una computadora portátil.
2009-10-14 bbc.co.uk UK: Uruguay: una computadora por pupitre. Uruguay se convirtió en el primer país donde todos los niños que asisten a una escuela pública tienen una computadora portátil (por Verónica Psetizki).
2009-10-14 ultimasnoticias.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal: 396.727 computadoras tienden puentes sobre brecha digital.
2009-10-14 larepublica.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal. El proyecto socioeducativo alcanzó una cobertura del cien por ciento de alumnos y escuelas. Ayer fue entregada la última laptop (por Matías Rótulo).
2009-10-14 elpais.com.uy UY: Técnicos opositores reclaman más contenidos educativos en el Ceibal Gobierno. Entregó las últimas en Primaria y anuncia llegada a Secundaria. Se entregaron 396.727 laptops (por Pablo Melgar).
2009-10-13 180.com.uy UY: Vázquez entregó la última XO.
2009-10-02 sociedaduruguaya.org UY: El Presidente Vázquez entrega últimas computadoras del Plan Ceibal.
2009-10-02 montevideo.com.uy UY: El Plan Ceibal según The Economist - The Ceibalist.
2009-10-01 larepublica.com.uy UY: Amplia aceptación del Plan Ceibal.
2009-09-29 180.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal mejora autoestima en niños (por Matilde Marti).
2009-09-17 univision.com UY: Una revolución de la inteligencia a la OEA.
2009-09-15 iadb.org UY: Impacto Social y Educativo de la Incorporación de TIC en la Educación. Reinventar el Aula.
2009-08-30 180.com.uy UY: Una laptop el Plan Ceibal presente en la Wikimania 2009.
2009-08-29 ceibaljam.org UY: Encuentro Ceibal Jam 4 Vení a Programar Python para las Laptop XO
Sábado 29 de agosto y sábado 5 de septiembre de 2009, de 9:30 a 21:00 hs, en la Fundación de Cultura Informática.
2009-08-18 ahoraeducacion.com.ar UY: Laptops en la Escuela Uruguaya (por Nicholas Negroponte).
2009-08-14 180.com.uy UY: La XO número 300.000 llegó junto a Calderón. Uruguay - México.
2009-08-13 montevideo.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal: entregan la computadora Nº 300.000
2009-08-12 180.com.uy UY: Llegó el Ceibal a los privados
2009-08-10 latu21.latu.org.uy UY: Versión Final 2ª Edición Manual XO.
2009-08-10 espectador.com UY: Plan Ceibal: preparan docentes.
2009-08-04 elpais.com.uy UY: Botánico conectado a la Red de Ceibal. Jardín municipal pasará a ser una zona Wi Fi Ceibal.
2009-08-04 elpais.com.uy UY: Ceibal two (por Gerardo Sotelo).
2009-07-16 ultimasnoticias.com.uy UY: Una Acertada Ampliación del Plan Ceibal.
2009-07-07 espectador.com UY: El Plan Ceibal llegará a las 390.000 computadoras antes de fin de año
2009-06-16 observa.com.uy UY: Como Los Sims pero Educativo.
Plan Ceibal Pueden Descargar un Simulador de Playas.
2009-06-08 montevideo.com.uy UY: Se Lleva a Todos Lados. OLPC en África, con Presencia Uruguaya.
2009-05-30 ceibaljam.org UY: Encuentro Ceibal Jam 3. Vení a Programar para las Laptop XO.
Sábado 30 de mayo y 6 de junio de 2009, de 9:30 a 21:00 hrs.
2009-05-12 hoycanelones.com.uy UY: Llegaron las XO a las Escuelas de Canelones.
2009-05-11 acercadeubuntu.blogspot.com UY: Entrega de XO en Canelones - Fotografías.
2009-05-03 es.wikipedia.org UY: Proyecto Flor de Ceibo (Universidad de la República)
Wikipedia - La Enciclopedia Libre.
2009-04-29 universia.edu.uy UY: Flor de experiencia. Ceibal llega a Montevideo y Canelones
2009-04-06 montevideo.com.uy UY: Todos, todos. Plan Ceibal se extiende a niños ciegos
2009-04-06 observa.com.uy UY: ¿Cómo desbloquear laptops del Plan Ceibal?
2009-04-02 espectador.com UY: Plan Ceibal: falla en software.
2008-12-04 elpais.com.uy UY: El Plan Ceibal cerró el año con la mitad del vaso lleno.
Festejo. Se entregaron a los niños más de 170.000 laptops
2008-12-01 latu21.latu.org.uy UY: Tema de Jorge Drexler para el Plan Ceibal
2008-11-03 larepublica.com.uy UY: El Ceibal en el Santoral.
2008-11-03 larepublica.com.uy UY: Maestros elaboran sus propios contenidos educativos.
Ceibal: docentes rescatarán experiencias didácticas
2008-10-27 180.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal sigue con Software Libre.
2008-10-17 coloniatotal.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal En Juan Lacaze - Balance Con Claros Y Oscuros
2008-10-10 latu21.latu.org.uy UY: Concurso de Precios Servicio Técnico de Computadoras XO
2008-10-09 cuti.org.uy UY: Uruguay ofrece su experiencia a otros países que quieran distribuir una computadora por alumno.
2007-10-04 olpc-ceibal.blogspot.com Press - Ceibal Plan Will Buy OLPC
2007-09-24 news.bbc.co.uk Computadora de US$100, a la venta
2007-09-18 swissinfo.org Yves Béhar, premiado por el ordenador de 100 dólares
2008-09-02 observa.com.uy UY: Termo Mate y Laptop
2008-08-23 larepublica.com.uy UY: Plan Ceibal: preparan entrega en más escuelas de Montevideo
2008-08-23 elpais.com.uy UY: ¿Dónde está mi laptop Ceibal?
2007-07-24 canal-ar.com.ar Se lanzó la producción masiva de las OX de OLPC
2007-07-13 canal-ar.com.ar Finalmente, Intel se unirá al proyecto One Laptop Per Child
2007-07-10 canal-ar.com.ar Negroponte: "Soy bueno vendiendo ideas, pero no tanto vendiendo portátiles"
           Más noticias regionales... o en la seccion de videos (y/o en olpc.tv)
  • According to the website LupaCiudadana it has registered more than 14,462,500 on elementary level and 6,093,800 on Secundary (Jr. High School), at a cost of 180 dls per laptop it will hold an estimate 3'700,134,000 USD. S.E.P. for this year it has around 321,750,782 USD.
  • Acording to the legislative chamber it holds the current conference regarding Enciclomedia. The article cites:
Se presume que las autoridades educativas de la anterior administración no aseguraron las mejores condiciones disponibles para el Estado, en cuanto a costo y capacidad de distribución masiva del software, violándose el artículo 134 de la Constitución y el 17 y 27 de la Ley de Adquisiciones

--JZA 18:34, 18 November 2007 (EST)

  • Parece, según un programa de TV que la Secretaría de Educación Pública (S.E.P.) va a celebrar una reunión en fecha próxima, para considerar el proyecto de la OLPC.
  • Por otra parte, la S.E.P. ha cancelado diversos contratos relativos a la Enciclomedia, proyecto que la Administración del Presidente Fox le pasó al Presidente Calderón, lo cual puede liberar, junto con el presupuesto de la Comisión Nacional de Libros de Texto Gratuitos (que serían sustituidos por el proyecto de la OLPC), fondos suficientes para integrarse al proyecto de la OLPC.

Education

Education Growth

Education expenditures have been growing in real terms at a rate of 3.4 percent a year on average. The three levels of government increased education expenditures from 2004 Mx$10,600 per student in 1992 to Mx$15,500 per student in 2004. During the 1994 crisis, there was a substantial drop in spending, and the share financed by states has been increasing over time, while the municipal share has remained very small.

The bulk of education spending is budgeted and distributed “inertially,” based on the stock of physical capital and employees belonging to the federal system before decentralization. This allocation does not consider the demand of clients, the productivity of suppliers, or poverty (World Bank 2004a, 2002; Merino 2003; OECD 2005b). Also, this allocation does not satisfy the compensatory objectives established by the National Agreement for the Modernization of Basic Education (Esquivel, 1999).

Despite greater transparency in the allocation of resources through FAEB, marked differences among states persist in the proportion of federally financed transfers and the state’s own resources spent on basic education. State resources as a proportion of total public spending on basic education. On average, states contribute 22.5 percent of total public spending on basic education apart from the funds obtained from federal transfer through FAEB, FAM, and FAETA. However, differences among states in this regard remain huge. While states like Baja California and Estado de Mexico contribute more than 40 percent of basic education expenditures, several other states contribute less than 10 percent.

Education Challenges

Even though the levels of educational attainment expanded very rapidly, Mexico experienced a pronounced increase in the degree of inequality over the 1980s and mid- 1990s. Most of the deterioration in the distribution of income happened in the middle to late 1980s (1984–89). The early 1990s displayed little change in total current income inequality except for a slight trend toward deterioration.

The trends in the distribution of earnings differ from the trends in the distribution of current income in two ways. First, the gains are not limited to the richest 10 percent, as those in the seven-, eight-, and nine- tenths of the distribution improved their relative earnings over the period by almost 2 percentage points. Second, the distribution of earnings clearly worsened in the 1990s until 1996, although the inequality associated with total current income was moderately stable in the 1990s, displaying an improvement after 1996. Differences in the behavior of total current income and labor earnings inequalities from 1994 to 1996 support the idea that the poor, who rely the most on labor as a source of income, are the least able to protect themselves during a recession.

Education is a key variable for our understanding of income and earnings inequality in Mexico. Education is by far the variable that accounts for the largest share of earnings inequality in Mexico, in terms of both its gross and its marginal contribution. The marginal contribution of education to the explanation of inequality in Mexico is almost equal to the joint contribution of other relevant variables such as age, economic sector, labor market status and hours worked.

It is worth pointing out that the difference between the gross and marginal contributions has been increasing over time, indicating that, as the economy progresses, education becomes even more important in determining the choices of sectors and occupations. That is, the workers’ skills are becoming increasingly relevant in determining their type of participation in the labor market as well as their position across different economic segments of the economy. The contribution of education to income inequality in Mexico is the second highest in Latin America, next only to Brazil. Moreover, what seems to be particularly interesting in the Mexican experience is that the significance of education has been increasing over time.

The contribution of relevant variables to changes in inequality for different intervals of time shows the following facts.

  • First, education has the highest gross contribution in explaining changes in earnings distribution.
  • Second, both changes in the distribution of education and in the relative earnings among educational groups have always been in phase with the alterations in the earnings distribution. Specifically, when the income profile effect related to education became steeper and the inequality of education increased, the earnings distribution worsened (as in the 1988-1996 period).
  • Third, changes in the relative earnings among educational groups are always the leading force behind changes in inequality.

Educational Innovation Projects

  • Ukini Open Knowledge Initiative to leverage the digital divide in Mexican Education System

Enciclomedia

Enciclomedia is a public education system which consist on a database of didactical content based on the free text books distributed for elementary level students of 5th and 6th grade. Through a computer an electronic dashboard and a protector, teachers and students have access in classrooms to the following material:

  • the free text books
  • Teachers site with the development of the class
  • Files
  • Professional development
  • Trash can

Enciclomedia pretends push IT in the public educational space at a current cost of 601,215,446.26 USD.

Origen de Wikipedia 18-Nov-2007

Telesecundarias

Telesecundaria is a Televsion based system of distance education programs for secondary and high school students created by the government of Mexico in 1968 and available in rural areas of the country as well as Central America, South America, Canada and the United States via satellite (Solidaridad 1 and Satmex 5).

The project broadcasts more than 4,000 programs on a dedicated tv network available from satellite dish and a television. Currently more than 16,000 rural locations serve nearly one million students.

The rapid expansion of the telesecundaria system is worrisome; although it has helped to improve access to school for the rural poor and accounts for 20 percent of total lower‐secondary enrollment (and a much higher share in rural areas), students in the telesecundaria have recorded low levels of achievement. Despite important institutional limitations in the decentralization process, local innovations have helped both rich and less wealthy states, improve their basic education systems. States that follow this pattern include Aguascalientes, Colima,3 Nuevo León, and Quintana Roo.

The first three states plus the Distrito Federal rank at the top of the PISA scale, while the last state is around the national average. These states are working to improve learning achievement on several fronts, taking initiatives such as improving pedagogy practices, evaluation, and the hiring of teachers. In addition, some federal educational programs are stimulating discussion about how to improve school management and learning achievement.

Documentation

References

Gladys López-Acevedo (LCSPE)


Primary Language Spanish
Number of Laptops 50000
Keyboard Layout OLPC English Keyboard
Build 656?warning.png"656?" is not in the list of possible values (7.1.0 (650), 7.1.1 (653), 7.1.2 (656), 8.1.0 (703), 8.1.1 (708), 8.2.0 (767), 8.2.1, Candidate) for this property.
Date(s) Arrived in Country 2008
School Server
Deployment Status Some ~10k were deployed, others were given by Mexico to Central American countries along with other aid. Limited data available on those deployments.

Primary Language Spanish
Number of Laptops 500
Keyboard Layout OLPC Spanish Keyboard
Build
Date(s) Arrived in Country September 2010
School Server
Deployment Status A donation by Procter & Gamble Mexico. A project lead by P&G, UNETE & Fundación Pro-Mazahuas.

Primary Language Spanish
Number of Laptops 1818
Keyboard Layout OLPC Spanish Keyboard
Build
Date(s) Arrived in Country 2010
School Server
Deployment Status The start of a project in Nayarit for Indigenous Communities (Huicholes, Coras and Tepehuanos). Laptops given to the kids during August 2011. A great example of connectivity (Solar, electricity & Satelital Internet) in distant regions.

Primary Language Spanish
Number of Laptops 1940
Keyboard Layout OLPC Spanish Keyboard
Build
Date(s) Arrived in Country 2010
School Server
Deployment Status A project in San Luis Potosi lead by the Minister of Indigenous Education in the State. No information has been provided on the specific date when XO's were given to the kids in the State . Sugestions have been made by OLPC but limited response from the leaders. Teachers in the State have translated Sugar to their mother language Téenek.



Primary Language Spanish
Number of Laptops 5000
Keyboard Layout OLPC Spanish Keyboard
Build
Date(s) Arrived in Country 2-2012warning.pngThe date "2-2012" was not understood (support for dates is still experimental).
School Server
Deployment Status The start of a 350K-student deployment in the state of Sonora.
Facts about OLPC MexicoRDF feed
Deployment status Some ~10k were deployed, others were given by Mexico to Central American countries along with other aid. Limited data available on those deployments., A donation by Procter & Gamble Mexico. A project lead by P&G, UNETE & Fundación Pro-Mazahuas., The start of a project in Nayarit for Indigenous Communities (Huicholes, Coras and Tepehuanos). Laptops given to the kids during August 2011. A great example of connectivity (Solar, electricity & Satelital Internet) in distant regions., A project in San Luis Potosi lead by the M A project in San Luis Potosi lead by the Minister of Indigenous Education in the State. No information has been provided on the specific date when XO's were given to the kids in the State . Sugestions have been made by OLPC but limited response from the leaders. Teachers in the State have translated Sugar to their mother language Téenek. ted Sugar to their mother language Téenek., and The start of a 350K-student deployment in the state of Sonora.
Has received laptops on date 25 July 2014 20:08  +, 1 September 2010  +, 25 July 2014 20:10  +, and warning.pngThe date "2-2012" was not understood (support for dates is still experimental).
Keyboard OLPC English Keyboard  +, and OLPC Spanish Keyboard  +
Language spoken Spanish  +
Number of manufactured laptops 50,000  +, 500  +, 1,818  +, 1,940  +, and 5,000  +
Software release warning.png"656?" is not in the list of possible values (7.1.0 (650), 7.1.1 (653), 7.1.2 (656), 8.1.0 (703), 8.1.1 (708), 8.2.0 (767), 8.2.1, Candidate) for this property.
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