Active Antenna Reprogramming Old Methods

From OLPC

Revision as of 18:41, 8 October 2008 by Carrano (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Current revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has a more up-to-date location: {{{link}}}


OLPC currently recommends the Sysfs update procedure. The procedures described in this page are not recommended or supported any longer.

Contents

Driver Method

This method to update the software on the 8388's EEPROM uses code that runs on the radio's ARM processor itself and not on the host. The required code exists inside wireless firmware version 5.126.0 (and later versions in that series).

Modified Drivers and Patches

Modified drivers, along with the appropriate firmware, can be found at http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/repeater/libertas-eeprom-downgrade.tar.gz (for downgrading an antenna for proper operation with a server) and http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/repeater/libertas-eeprom-upgrade.tar.gz (for proper operation as a repeater).

The driver patch source can be found at http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/repeater/libertas-driver-with-eeprom-programming-support.tar.gz, along with compiled libertas driver kernel objects that can be used in the XO (tested with build 675).

Downgrading

The pre-build and prototype builds of the Active Antennae were unfortunately manufactured with firmware which puts them into a stand-alone mesh repeater mode before a server has had time to boot (Trac #4632). In order to this, you will need to downgrade the Boot2 code installed on the Antenna.

Download the modified driver and required firmware tarball from http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/repeater/libertas-eeprom-downgrade.tar.gz.

Untar the package on an XO laptop running a build such as 684:

tar xfz libertas-eeprom-downgrade.tar.gz

Back up the old drivers and install the new driver modules:

cp -r /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/net/wireless/libertas .
cp libertas-eeprom-downgrade/*.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/net/wireless/libertas/

Now place the appropriate boot2 and firmware files in /lib/firmware/usb8388_boot2.bin and /lib/firmware/usb8388_fw.bin respectively.

mv /lib/firmware/usb8388.bin .
ln -s /root/libertas-eeprom-downgrade/usb8338-5.126.0.p2.bin /lib/firmware/usb8388.bin   
ln -s /root/libertas-eeprom-downgrade/Boot2_3107.bin /lib/firmware/usb8388_boot2.bin
ln -s /root/libertas-eeprom-downgrade/usb8338-5.126.0.p2.bin /lib/firmware/usb8388_fw.bin

Now reboot the laptop.

Programming

After installing the new firmware and drivers on the laptop, reboot it. Plug the Active Antenna being reprogrammed into the laptop.

Now the actual EEPROM programming commands can be issued:

iwpriv eth1 boot2_upgrade

Wait for the LED on the module to stop blinking before unplugging. You must unplug and reinsert the Active Antenna for the upgrade to be noticeable. If successful, the Boot2 version will be reported as 31.07.

Please note that on current XOs (B3 and later), eth0 is the built-in radio. Please make sure that you do not update the boot2 code on it.

Upgrading to a Repeater

Download the modified driver and required firmware tarball from http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/repeater/libertas-eeprom-upgrade.tar.gz.

Untar the package on an XO:

tar xfz libertas-eeprom-upgrade.tar.gz

Back up the old drivers and install the new driver modules:

cp -r /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/net/wireless/libertas .
cp libertas-eeprom-upgrade/*.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/net/wireless/libertas/

Now place the appropriate boot2 and firmware files: in /lib/firmware/usb8388_boot2.bin and /lib/firmware/usb8388_fw.bin respectively.

mv /lib/firmware/usb8388.bin .
ln -s /root/libertas-eeprom-upgrade/usb8338-5.126.0.p2.bin /lib/firmware/usb8388.bin   
ln -s /root/libertas-eeprom-upgrade/Boot2_311A.bin /lib/firmware/usb8388_boot2.bin
ln -s /root/libertas-eeprom-upgrade/usb8338-5.126.0.p2.bin /lib/firmware/usb8388_fw.bin

Programming

After installing the new firmware and drivers on the laptop, reboot it. Plug the Active Antenna being reprogrammed into the laptop.

Now the actual EEPROM programming commands can be issued:

iwpriv eth1 boot2_upgrade

Wait for the LED on the module to stop blinking before proceeding with

iwpriv eth1 fw_upgrade

This one will take a bit longer...

Please note that on current XOs (B3 and later), eth0 is the built-in radio. Please make sure that you do not update the boot2 code on it.

User Space Method

This method, while more generic, has the potential to fail (it has failed twice during programming of twelve units). If it fails, the Active Antenna is rendered useless (it can be recovered using JTAG programming of the onboard EEPROM).

Setup

Prerequisites

The system used to reprogram the Antenna probably needs to be either Fedora 6 or Fedora 7 (such as an XS School Server).

It should NOT have drivers for the Active Antennae installed. If using an XS school server build, move the drivers out of the way (don't forget to move them back when you are done!:

mv /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/net/wireless/libertas /root

It will need to have the libusb development headers installed:

yum install libusb-devel

Obtaining the software

The software needed to program the firmware on the Active Antennae is available from [git://git.infradead.org/libertas-flash] :

git clone git://git.infradead.org/libertas-flash

You will need to compile part of the software:

cd libertas-flash
make

Fixing an Active Antenna

The pre-build and prototype builds of the Active Antennae were unfortunately manufactured with firmware which puts them into a stand-alone mesh repeater mode before a server has had time to boot (Trac #4632). In order to this, you will need to downgrade the Boot2 code installed on the Antenna.

You can determine which Boot2 firmware is currently on the Active Antenna using:

lsusb -v -d 1286:2001 | grep bcdDevice

The response should be something like "31.09" (indicating the shipped Boot2 firmware version), "31.07" (indicating current boot-from-host-only Boot2 firmware), or "31.1A" (indicating current stand-alone mesh repeater firmware). If you get a response other than this, please contact server-devel at laptop.org as upgrading earlier versions (which shouldn't be encountered in the field) require additional steps.

lsusb is part of the usbutils package, which can be installed on an XO by typing:

yum install usbutils

Obtaining the Antenna Firmware

The currently recommended Boot2 code for Active Antennae not acting as stand-alone mesh repeaters is release 3107. You can download a copy of this code, named Boot2_3107.bin, from http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/boot2/Boot2_3107.bin.

Programming the Antenna

In downgrading the Active Antenna, speed is of the essence. After plugging the Antenna into USB, you have less than ten seconds to begin the programming or it will fail. After downloading the required software and firmware, and running sudo ls so your password is cached, plug in the antenna and immediately type:

sudo ./libertas-flash.py -v Boot2_3107.bin

If this is sucessful, you will be prompted at the end to "power cycle your board or replug your card". You should reboot the Active Antenna by unplugging it from USB.

Ignored Warnings

Currently, the libertas-flash.py software generates a warning when loading the software into the Active Antenna:

./libertas-flash.py:249: DeprecationWarning: struct integer overflow masking is deprecated
 buf = struct.pack("<%dB" % len(response), *response)
./libertas-flash.py:249: DeprecationWarning: 'B' format requires 0 <= number <= 255
 buf = struct.pack("<%dB" % len(response), *response)

This does not seem to impact the proper operation of the loader, and can be ignored.

Upgrading a Mesh Repeater

If you are trying to use an Active Antenna as a stand-alone mesh repeater, you will want to upgrade both the Boot2 firmware and the firmware used for normal operation.

Obtaining the Repeater Firmware

The currently recommended Boot2 code for Active Antennae acting as stand-alone mesh repeaters is release 311A. You can download a copy of this code from http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/boot2/Boot2_311A.bin.

The currently recommended operating firmware for Active Antennae acting as stand-alone mesh repeaters is release 126.0.p2. You can download a copy of this code from http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/libertas/repeater/usb8388_126.0.p2.img

Updating the Repeater

As above, speed may be required when updating a repeater running version 3109 of Boot2 firmware.

After downloading the required software and firmware, plug in the antenna and immediately type:

sudo ./libertas-flash.py -v Boot2_311A.bin

If this is successful, you will be prompted to "power cycle your board or replug your card". Do this by unplugging the Active Antenna, then plugging it back in. Now repeat the process to program the "operational" firmware into the Antenna:

sudo ./libertas-flash.py -v usb8388_126.0.p2.img

You should now have an stand-alone mesh repeater (operating on channel 1).

Testing the Repeater

In order to test the operation of the repeater, follow these steps:

  • Plug the repeater into a school server and write down its MAC address (obtained from ifconfig).
  • You will need a school server (or another laptop) supporting a mesh on channel 1.
  • Take an XO laptop, and modify it to have a blinding table which only allows it to communicate with the repeater's MAC address.
  • With the repeater unpowered, attempt to communicate with the school server or laptop on channel 1. If this succeeds, the previous step wasn't done correctly. If everything is setup properly, you should NOT be able to communicate with any other devices on the mesh.
  • Power on the repeater (and wait a couple of minutes for it to enter repeater mode.)
  • Now the blinded laptop should be able to communicate with the school server/laptop on mesh channel 1.
Personal tools
  • Log in
  • Login with OpenID
About OLPC
About the laptop
About the tablet
Projects
OLPC wiki
Toolbox