Guide to abbreviations

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The purpose of this page is to show the meanings of abbreviations which occur in pages of this wiki. Sometimes authors of text in a document in this wiki use an abbreviation without explaining what it means. The meaning of the abbreviation may be well-known to many readers yet unknown to some other readers.

Readers are asked not to include abbreviations which are not mentioned in at least one other page of the wiki. Readers are also asked to maintain this as an alphabetically arranged list.


BIOS 
Basic Input/Output System, which is a software system that resides in EPROM or Flash memory in PCs. The BIOS configures the system to boot the operating system and provides interfaces to the hardware. OLPC uses Open Firmware, which strives to do the minimal amount of configuration necessary to boot Linux.
CD 
Compact Disc
CMOS 
Complementary Metal-Oxide-Silicon, which is an integrated circuit manufacturing technology used in most current digital chips. Also a common shortening of "CMOS RAM", which is a small, battery-powered RAM that stores information like the date and BIOS settings while a PC is powered off.
CPU 
Central Processing Unit of a computer.
DNS 
Domain Name System, which is how human readable names like "laptop.org" are translated into the IP addresses actually used by computers to talk to each other on the Internet.
DRM 
Digital Rights Management, which is a term to describe methods by which owners of the digital rights, such as copyright, of a piece of work, such as software or sound recordings or videos, may try to ensure that unauthorized copies of the work are not made.
ECC 
Error Correcting Code, which can be used as a mechanism to correct and detect errors in a storage medium. Relative to OLPC, ECC is required for operation of NAND flash. NAND flash has a high probability of single bits getting "stuck". With extra ECC information stored with each sector, a single-bit error can be corrected, and two-bit errors can be detected.
ESD 
Electrostatic Discharge, which a person can generate when touching a metal object after, for example, walking on a carpet in a very dry environment. This little shock can be over 3000V and easily damage electronic circuits.
ext3 
third extended filesystem which is a journalled file system. It is It is the default file system for GNU/Linux. [1]
FOSS 
Free and Open Source Software. [2]
FUD  
Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt.
Gecko
Gecko is not an acronym. It is the HTML layout engine from Mozilla used in Browse and other Xulrunner-based activities.
GTK 
GTK+, The GIMP Toolkit. It is a toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces.
GUI 
Graphical User Interface
I18N 
Internationalization (the abbreviation replaces 18 letters of the word Internationalization with the number 18). Why? To point out the difference between the American English (internationalization) and British English (internationalisation) spellings.
I/O 
Input/Output
ISP 
Internet Service Provider, which is an organization which allows, often for a fee, individuals to connect to the internet.
JFFS2 
Journaling Flash File System, Version 2
L10N 
Localization (the abbreviation replaces 10 letters of the word Localization with the number 10). Do some people say "el-ten-en" in speech?
MAC 
[3] Media Access Control (MAC) address is a unique identifier "burned" into the network circuitry.
Maemo 
[4] is a development platform for the Nokia 770 Internet tablet. (There is the Sugar and Maemo page and the Sugar page.)
MOO 
[5] "MUD object oriented" is a type of MUD.
MUD 
[6] "Multi-User Dungeon" is a multi-player computer game that combines elements of role-playing and chat.
MUSE 
Used in the Software Ideas - Education page.
NAND 
A type of flash that has overtaken older NOR technology in low cost and density. This flash is commonly used in cellphones, PDAs, and USB keys. The NAND moniker for the flash comes from the arrangment of the memory cells resembling a NAND gate (inverting AND gate).
OLPC 
One Laptop per Child
p2p 
Peer to Peer, which is a network architecture in which all computers have the same functionality in contrast to a client/server system.
Pango 
[7] a library for laying out and rendering of text (used by GTK).
PCI 
Peripheral Component Interconnect, a computer bus for attaching peripheral devices to a computer motherboard.
PyGTK 
is a Python wrapper for the GTK package.
Python 
[8] is an interpreted programming language.
Sugar 
is the working name for the development platform being used on the laptop. (There is the Sugar and Maemo page and the Sugar page.)
uid 
user id number. Each user in Unix-like operating systems is assigned a user id number, which is used by the system to determine which permissions a user has. A file is set-uid permission (mentioned on the Bitfrost page) on an executable causes the program to run as the user who owns the file.
USB 
Universal Serial Bus

See Also

Acronym Finder - very large human-edited dictionary of abbreviations and acronyms from all disciplines

All Acronyms - large searchable collection of technical acronyms and abbreviations

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