Memory Bit Mapping

From OLPC

Revision as of 05:05, 13 September 2013 by Wad (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Current revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
  This page is monitored by the OLPC team.

Occasionally, the need arises to map persistent errors on a particular data bit to a specific memory chip. This page provides that information for the XO Laptops.

The factory repair procedure is to replace all memory chips if an error is encountered in any one of them, as the process of replacing one will frequently damage other (strongly thermally coupled) memory chips.

Contents

XO-1

In XO-1, the AMD CS5336 Companion Chip supports a 64b bus. Each DDR1 memory chip handles two bytes of data (64M x 16b). The 64b address bus means that the address of the failing 32b word is significant:

XO-1 512MB Memory Bit Mapping
Address Error Byte Data bits Location
odd XXXX0000 6 & 7 63:48 U22, RN16, RN17, RN19, RN20, RP8, RP9
0000XXXX 4 & 5 47:32 U25, RN11, RN12, RN14, RN15, RP10, RP11
even XXXX0000 2 & 3 31:16 U30, RN6, RN7, RN9, RN10, RP4, RP6
0000XXXX 0 & 1 15:0 U34, RN1, RN2, RN4, RN5, RP5, RP7

XO-1.5

On the XO-1.5, the Via VX855 Companion Chip supports either a 32b or 64b memory bus. There were two memory sizes produced: 512MB (32b bus) and 1GB (64b bus). Each DDR2 memory chip handles 8b of data (128Mx8).

XO-1.5 512MB Memory Bit Mapping
Error Byte Data bits Location
XX000000 3 31:24 U13, RN6, RN8, RN12, R139
00XX0000 2 23:16 U12, RN11, RN15, RN16, R144
0000XX00 1 15:8 U7, RN23, RN29, RN31, R156
000000XX 0 7:0 U6, RN21, RN27, RN30, R153


On XO-1.5 laptops with 1GB of main memory, the 64b memory bus means that the address of the failing 32b word is significant:

XO-1.5 1GB Memory Bit Mapping
Address Error Byte Data bits Location
odd XX000000 7 63:56 U15, RN4, RN5, RN10, R143
00XX0000 6 55:48 U9, RN20, RN26, RN32, R154
0000XX00 5 47:40 U8, RN18, RN22, RN33, R157
000000XX 4 39:32 U14, RN3, RN7, RN14, R137
even XX000000 3 31:24 U13, RN6, RN8, RN12, R139
00XX0000 2 23:16 U12, RN11, RN15, RN16, R144
0000XX00 1 15:8 U7, RN23, RN29, RN31, R156
000000XX 0 7:0 U6, RN21, RN27, RN30, R153

XO-1.75

On XO-1.75, the Marvell Armada 610 SoC has a 32b memory bus. Each DDR3 memory chip handles 8b of data (either 128Mx8 or 256Mx8). The mapping between bits and memory is:

XO-1.75 Memory Bit Mapping
Error Byte Data bits Location
XX000000 3 31:24 U6, R194, R195, R50
00XX0000 2 23:16 U12, R219, R220, R116
0000XX00 1 15:8 U7, R203, R206, R62
000000XX 0 7:0 U13, R214, R215, R120

XO-4

On the PXA2128 (MMP3), there are two memory controllers, each addressing a 32b bank of memory. The interleaving between the two memory controllers is programmable.

If a laptop has 2 GByte of memory, the interleave is set to 1 GB by default, and the following applies:

XO-4 2GB Memory Bit Mapping
Address Error Byte Data bits Location
< 1GB XX00XX00 3,1 31:24, 15:8 U21, RP5, RP6, RP7, RP8, RP14, RP15, R380
00XX00XX 2,0 23:16, 7:0 U22, RP5, RP6, RP7, RP8, RP14, RP15, R380
> 1GB XX00XX00 3,1 31:24, 15:8 U24, RP1, RP2, RP3, RP4, RP16, RP17, R376
00XX00XX 2,0 23:16, 7:0 U23, RP1, RP2, RP3, RP4, RP16, RP17, R376


If a laptop has 1 GByte of memory, the interleave is set to 512MB by default, and the following applies:

XO-4 1GB Memory Bit Mapping
Address Error Byte Data bits Location
< 512MB XX00XX00 3,1 31:24, 15:8 U21, RP5, RP6, RP7, RP8, RP14, RP15, R380
00XX00XX 2,0 23:16, 7:0 U22, RP5, RP6, RP7, RP8, RP14, RP15, R380
> 512MB XX00XX00 3,1 31:24, 15:8 U24, RP1, RP2, RP3, RP4, RP16, RP17, R376
00XX00XX 2,0 23:16, 7:0 U23, RP1, RP2, RP3, RP4, RP16, RP17, R376
Personal tools
  • Log in
  • Login with OpenID
About OLPC
About the laptop
About the tablet
Projects
OLPC wiki
Toolbox