OLPC Argentina/Languages

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Although Argentina, as part of spanish america is usually basically considered as a spanish-speaking country, other languages are also spoken and used by descendants of the native inhabitants (Guaraní, Quechua & Mapudungun) or immigrants (Arabic, German & Italian).

Contents

Main Languages

Language / Family ISO 639-1 / -2 / -3 (SIL) Writing system Notes
Arabic
wikipedia
ar / ara / ara,
— / / apc (North Levantine Arabic),
— / / ajp (South Levantine Arabic)
Arabic alphabet ~1,000,000 speakers
German, Standard
wikipedia
de / ger-deu / deu Latin alphabet
German variant
~400,000 - 1,000,000 speakers
Guaraní
wikipedia
gn / grn / grn (Generic),
— / / nhd (Chiripá),
— / / gui (Eastern Bolivian Guaraní),
— / / gun (Mbyá Guaraní),
— / / gug (Paraguayan Guaraní),
— / / gnw (Western Bolivian Guaraní)
Latin alphabet
Guaraní variant
~220,000 speakers
Official in Corrientes
Italian
wikipedia
it / ita / ita Latin alphabet
Italian variant
~1,500,000 speakers
Mapudungun
wikipedia
none / arn / arn Latin alphabet
none official
~100,000 speakers
Quechua
wikipedia
qu / que / que,
— / / quh (Quechua, South Bolivian),
— / / qus (Quichua, Santiago del Estero)
Latin alphabet ~900,000 speakers
Spanish
wikipedia
es / spa / spa Latin alphabet
Spanish variant
~40,000,000 inhabitants
Official Nationwide
Yiddish
wikipedia
yi / yid / yid,
— / / ydd (Eastern Yiddish),
— / / yih (Western Yiddish)
Hebrew based alphabet ~200,000 speakers

All languages

KEY # of Speakers
Few Speakers < 100 < 1,000 < 10,000
Several Speakers < 50,000 < 100,000 < 200,000
Many Speakers < 500,000 < 1,000,000 < 2,000,000

By Speakers

Code Language Ethnologue / Wikipedia Classification
[spa] Spanish
Note: Official Nationwide
(E 1995) 33,000,000
/ (W 2006) 40,000,000
Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian
[aed] Argentine Sign Language < 2,000,000 Deaf sign language
[ita] Italian 1,500,000 Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian
[apc]? North Levantine Arabic 1,000,000 Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
[deu] German, Standard E 400,000 / W 1,000,000 Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German
[quh] Quechua, South Bolivian 850,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[gug] Guaraní, Paraguayan
Note: Official Corrientes
200,000 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[ydd]? Yiddish W 200,000 Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish
[arn] Mapudungun (Mapuche) 100,000 Araucanian
[qus] Quichua, Santiago del Estero 60,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[jpn] Japanese E 32,000 Japanese
[cym] Welsh 25,000 Indo-European, Celtic, Insular, Brythonic
[wlv] Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz 25,000 Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[tob] Toba 19,810 Mataco-Guaicuru, Guaicuruan
[gui] Guaraní, Western Argentine 15,000 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[mzh] Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay 15,000 Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[slv] Slovenian E 10,000 Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western
[moc] Mocoví 4,525 Mataco-Guaicuru, Guaicuruan
[gun] Guaraní, Mbyá 3,000 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[plg] Pilagá 2,000 Mataco-Guaicuru, Guaicuruan
[crq] Chorote, Iyo'wujwa 1,500 Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[crt] Chorote, Iyojwa'ja E 800 Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[kgk] Kaiwá 512 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
[cag] Nivaclé 200 Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[pdt] Plautdietsch 140 Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon
[tpj] Tapieté 100 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Guarani I
[mtp] Wichí Lhamtés Nocten 100 Mataco-Guaicuru, Mataco
[vil] Vilela 20 Lule-Vilela
[pue] Puelche 5 - 6 Language Isolate
[teh] Tehuelche 4 Chon
[ona] Ona (Selknam) 1-3 Chon
[ayr] Aymara, Central #NA Aymaran
[nhd] Chiripá #NA Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup I
OTHERS by Ethnologue 
Catalan-Valencian-Balear, Eastern Yiddish, Lithuanian, South Levantine Spoken ArabicTuroyo, Ukrainian, and Vlax-Romani are referenced but no number is given.
OTHERS by Wikipedia 
Catalan-Valencian-Balear, Turoyo, Ukrainian, and Vlax-Romani are all reportedly spoken, but the number of speakers are not known.
Many Aymará speakers have migrated to Argentina ... more than 2.2 million speakers globally, many are in Argentina.
There are Mandarin-, Cantonese-, Japanese-, Korean-, and Russian-speaking immigrant communities.


By Classification

Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian (41,500,000) [spa] Spanish 40,000,000
Italo-Dalmatian [ita] Italian 1,500,000
Celtic, Insular, Brythonic [cym] Welsh 25,000
Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German [deu] German, Standard 1,000,000
Yiddish [ydd] Yiddish 200,000
Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon [pdt] Plautdietsch 140
Slavic, South, Western [slv] Slovenian 10,000
Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic [apc] North Levantine Arabic 1,000,000
Japanese [jpn] Japanese 32,000
Deaf sign language [aed] Argentine Sign Language <2,000,000
Language Isolate [pue] Puelche 5 - 6
Araucanian [arn] Mapudungun (Mapuche) 100,000
Aymaran [ayr] Aymaran, Central #NA
Chon (5-7) [ona] Ona (Selknam) 1-3
[teh] Tehuelche 4
Lule-Vilela [vil] Vilela 20
Mataco-Guaicuru, (68,935) Mataco (42,600) [crt] Chorote, Iyojwa'ja 800
[crq] Chorote, Iyo'wujwa 1,500
[cag] Nivaclé 200
[mzh] Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay 15,000
[mtp] Wichí Lhamtés Nocten 100
[wlv] Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz 25,000
Guaicuruan (26,335) [moc] Mocoví 4,525
[plg] Pilagá 2,000
[tob] Toba 19,810
Quechuan, Quechua II, C (910,000) [quh] Quechua, South Bolivian 850,00
[qus] Quichua, Santiago del Estero 60,000
Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, (218,612) Subgroup I (218,512) [nhd] Chiripá #NA
[gun] Guaraní, Mbyá 3,000
[gug] Guaraní, Paraguayan 200,000
[gui] Guaraní, Western Argentine 15,000
[kgk] Kaiwá 512
Guarani I [tpj] Tapieté 100
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