OLPC Firmware q3a43

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OLPC Firmware Release q3a43 2010/07/16

This version's main claim to fame is support for the new "CL1C" machines with mechanical keyboards (but it also works with the original rubber membrane keyboards). It also supports NANDblasting, but only in non-secure mode.

Works on XO-1.5 A1, A2, B1, B2, B3, C1 ,C2 and C3 systems, but does not work on any XO-1 machines.

Download: q3a43.rom

Changes since q3a42

Open Firmware is svn 1886

  • 1874: XO-1.5 resume from S3 restore SDHCI state by operating system type
  • 1876: XO-1.5 internal SD slot disabling code moved
  • 1877: XO-1.5 ACPI DSDT delete SDIO node to fix Windows resume failures
  • 1878: XO-1.5 SDHCI PCI config restore to fix Windows resume
  • 1879: Libertas WLAN driver thinmac to fullmac mode switch functions
  • 1881: XO-1.5 test /cpu crypto engine
  • 1882: XO-1.5 trac #10236 test /audio use both speakers

EC code is version 1.9.30

  • Add battery EEPROM ESD corruption autofix
  • Fix ALPS keyboard matrix detection
  • Update serial baudrate
  • Add charging disable/enable EC cmds

WLAN firmware is Libertas thinfirm 9.0.7.p2

Which Firmware Do You Have?

If your machine is not in secure mode, and you obtain the Ok prompt, the firmware version is displayed in the startup banner, thus:

 OLPC XO 1.5, 1 GiB memory installed, 4 GB internal storage, S/N SHF7250024D
 OpenFirmware  CL1   Q3A39 Q3A   EC Firmware Ver:1.9.30
                     ^^^^^

If your machine is in secure mode, you can go to the Terminal activity and type

 cat /ofw/openprom/model

If your machine is in secure mode but the OS will not start, just go ahead and try to upgrade the firmware anyway. The procedure is safe and will not do anything if you already have up-to-date firmware.

You can see the firmware version in secure mode by powering up with the "check" game button held down.

You can also go to the main Sugar screen, click on the little man and select "My Settings" then "About my Computer."


Installation

When installing new firmware, you must have a well-charged battery and the AC adapter plugged in. The firmware update code will not proceed otherwise. Possible error messages are:

error message how to fix
AC not present plug in the power cord, check the battery LED is on, then try again.
No external power plug in the power cord, check the battery LED is on, then try again,
No battery plug in the battery, check the latches, then try again, or try another battery,
Battery low allow more time for the battery to charge, then try again, or try another battery.

Unsecured Laptop

This section is for unsecured laptops. Most XO-1.5 and XO-1.75 laptops are unsecured. Most developer XO laptops are unsecured. To unsecure your laptop, follow the instructions at Activation and Developer Keys.

You may install using either:

  • a USB drive or SD card,
  • the laptop's internal drive,
  • a network.

Choose one.

Using a USB drive or SD card

  • check the battery is inserted and locked,
  • check that the power cord is in place and the battery indicator is green,
  • insert the USB drive or SD card,
  • turn on the laptop, and get to the 'ok' prompt. See Ok for more detail. You should see:
ok
  • if the downloaded file is on a USB drive, type:
 flash u:\q3a43.rom
  • if the downloaded file is on an external SD card:
 flash sd:\boot\q3a43.rom
  • wait for the laptop to reboot itself,
  • remove the USB drive or SD card.

(Expert users may remove the USB drive after the message "Got firmware" ... at this stage the file has been read and closed.)

Using the laptop internal drive

An alternate method is to download the firmware file to the laptop internal drive and then install from the internal drive.

  • start the laptop,
  • connect to a wireless or wired network,
su
cd /versions/boot/current/boot/
wget http://dev.laptop.org/pub/firmware/q3a43/q3a43.rom
  • check the battery is inserted and locked,
  • check that the power cord is in place and the battery indicator is green,
  • turn on the laptop, and get to the 'ok' prompt. See Ok for more detail. You should see:
ok
  • if the downloaded file is on an XO-1, type:
flash n:\boot\q3a43.rom
  • if the file is on the internal SD card of an XO-1.5 or XO-1.75:
flash int:\boot\q3a43.rom

Using a network

You will need a compatible USB to ethernet adapter, or an open or WEP wireless access point, connected to the internet.

  • check the battery is inserted and locked,
  • check that the power cord is in place and the battery indicator is green,
  • turn on the laptop, and get to the 'ok' prompt. See Ok for more detail. You should see:
ok
  • if using wireless, type the essid of the wireless network:
essid mynetwork
  • if using a WPA wireless access point, type the WPA key for the network:
wpa passphrase
  • type the flash command using the download link above, but change all slash characters so they are backwards, for example:
flash http:\\dev.laptop.org\pub\firmware\q3a43\q3a43.rom

Secured Laptop

Secured laptops can only use flash firmware that has been signed. All mass-production machines had the latest firmware at the time of manufacture.

Upgrading firmware describes how to upgrade to a newer signed firmware release.

See also

  • Cheat codes for information about how game buttons control startup options.
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