OLPC Peru/Languages

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Wikipedia / Quechuan and Aymaran spelling shift

Contents

Main Languages

Language / Family ISO 639-1 / -2 / -3 (SIL) Writing system Notes
Aymara
Wikipedia
ay / aym / aym
— / / ayr (Aymara, Central)
— / / ayc (Aymara, Southern)
— / / jqr (Jaqaru)
Latin alphabet ~ 440,000 speakers
Official Nationwide
Quechua
Wikipedia
Qhichwa Simi
/ Runa Shimi
/ Runa Simi
qu / que / que
— / / quz (Quechua, Cusco)
— / / quy (Quechua, Ayacucho)
— / / qxp (Quechua, Puno)
— / / qwh (Quechua, Huaylas Ancash)
+ others...
Latin alphabet simplified ~4,700,000 speakers
Official Nationwide
Spanish
Wikipedia
es / spa / spa
— / / spq (Spanish, Loreto-Ucayali)
Latin alphabet
Spanish variant
20,000,000 speakers
Official Nationwide

All Languages

KEY # of Speakers
Few Speakers < 100 < 1,000 < 10,000
Several Speakers < 50,000 < 100,000 < 200,000
Many Speakers < 500,000 < 1,000,000 < 2,000,000

By Speakers

Code Language Ethnologue Classification
[spa] Spanish 20,000,000 Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian
[quz] Quechua, Cusco 1,500,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[quy] Quechua, Ayacucho 900,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[qxp] Quechua, Puno 500,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[ayr] Aymara, Central 441,743 Aymaran
[qwh] Quechua, Huaylas Ancash 336,332 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qxn] Quechua, Northern Conchucos Ancash 250,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qvw] Quechua, Huaylla Wanca 250,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qxo] Quechua, Southern Conchucos Ancash 250,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qve] Quechua, Eastern Apurímac 200,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[qva] Quechua, Ambo-Pasco 90,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qvm] Quechua, Margos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha 83,395 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qvh] Quechua, Huamalíes-Dos de Mayo Huánuco 72,440 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qvn] Quechua, North Junín 60,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qxh] Quechua, Panao Huánuco 50,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qub] Quechua, Huallaga Huánuco 40,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[agr] Aguaruna 38,290 Jivaroan
[qvc] Quechua, Cajamarca 30,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, A
[shp] Shipibo-Conibo 26,000 Panoan, North-Central
[cni] Asháninka 23,750 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[qur] Quechua, Yanahuanca Pasco 20,500 Quechuan, Quechua I
[quf] Quechua, Lambayeque 20,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, A
[qxu] Quechua, Arequipa-La Unión 18,628 Quechuan, Quechua II, C
[qvs] Quechua, San Martín 15,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, B
[qxw] Quechua, Jauja Wanca 14,550 Quechuan, Quechua I
[cpy] Ashéninka, South Ucayali 13,000 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[cpu] Ashéninka, Pichis 12,000 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[cjo] Ashéninka Pajonal 12,000 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[cbt] Chayahuita 11,384 Cahuapanan
[mcb] Machiguenga 10,149 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[qxa] Quechua, Chiquián Ancash 10,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qxt] Quechua, Santa Ana de Tusi Pasco 10,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[ame] Yanesha' 9,831 Arawakan, Maipuran, Western Maipuran
[hub] Huambisa 9,333 Jivaroan
[qvo] Quechua, Napo Lowland 8,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, B
[tca] Ticuna 8,000 Language Isolate
[cpb] Ashéninka, Ucayali-Yurúa 7,000 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[qvl] Quechua, Cajatambo North Lima 7,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[quk] Quechua, Chachapoyas 7,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, B
[not] Nomatsiguenga 6,500 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[qws] Quechua, Sihuas Ancash 6,500 Quechuan, Quechua I
[qux] Quechua, Yauyos 6,500 Quechuan, Quechua II, A
[qxc] Quechua, Chincha 6,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, A
[yad] Yagua 5,692 Peba-Yaguan
[prq] Ashéninka Perené 5,500 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[cbr] Cashibo-Cacataibo 5,000 Panoan, Western
[cpc] Ajyíninka Apurucayali 4,000 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[qwa] Quechua, Corongo Ancash 4,000 Quechuan, Quechua I
[pib] Yine 4,000 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Purus
[acu] Achuar-Shiwiar 3,000 Jivaroan
[ura] Urarina 3,000 Language Isolate
[cbu] Candoshi-Shapra 3,000 Language Isolate
[boa] Bora 2,328 Witotoan, Boran
[qvz] Quichua, Northern Pastaza 2,000 Quechuan, Quechua II, B
[mcf] Matsés 2,000 Panoan, Northern
[cod] Cocama-Cocamilla 2,000 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup III
[jeb] Jebero 2,000 Cahuapanan Nearly extinct.
[cbs] Cashinahua 1,600 Panoan, Southeastern
[qup] Quechua, Southern Pastaza 1,553 Quechuan, Quechua II, B
[huu] Huitoto, Murui 1,000 Witotoan, Witoto, Witoto Proper, Minica-Murui
[yaa] Yaminahua 750 Panoan, South-Central, Yaminahua-Sharanahua
[jqr] Jaqaru 736 Aymaran
[pig] Pisabo 513 Panoan, Northern
[amr] Amarakaeri 500 Harakmbet
[ese] Ese Ejja 472 Tacanan, Tiatinagua
[mcd] Sharanahua 450 Panoan, South-Central, Yaminahua-Sharanahua
[cul] Culina 400 Arauan
[kaq] Capanahua 387 Panoan, North-Central
[mts] Yora 350 Panoan, South-Central, Yora
[cox] Nanti 350 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[hug] Huachipaeri 311 Harakmbet
[cot] Caquinte 300 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Pre-Andine
[qvp] Quechua, Pacaraos 250 Quechuan, Quechua II, A
[ore] Orejón 190 Tucanoan, Western Tucanoan, Southern
[sey] Secoya 144 Tucanoan, Western Tucanoan, Northern, Siona-Secoya
[hux] Huitoto, Nüpode 100 Witotoan, Witoto, Witoto Proper, Nipode
[amc] Amahuaca 90 Panoan, South-Central, Amahuaca
[isc] Isconahua 82 Panoan, North-Central
[oca] Ocaina 54 Witotoan, Witoto, Ocaina
[arl] Arabela 50 Zaparoan
[iqu] Iquito 35 Zaparoan
[cuj] Mashco Piro 20 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Purus
[rgr] Resígaro 14 Arawakan, Maipuran, Northern Maipuran, Inland
[omg] Omagua 10 Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup III
[cah] Cahuarano 5 Zaparoan
[hto] Huitoto, Minica 5 Witotoan, Witoto, Witoto Proper, Minica-Murui
[inp] Iñapari 4 Arawakan, Maipuran, Southern Maipuran, Purus
[myr] Muniche 3 Language Isolate
[ccc] Chamicuro 2 Arawakan, Maipuran, Western Maipuran
[trr] Taushiro 1 Language Isolate
[ayc] Aymara, Southern #NA Aymaran
[prl] Peruvian Sign Language #NA Deaf sign language
[spq] Spanish, Loreto-Ucayali #NA Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian

By Classification

Arauan [cul] Culina 400
Arawakan, Maipuran (108,406) Northern Maipuran, Inland [rgr] Resígaro 14
Southern Maipuran (98,573) Pre-Andine (94,549) [cni] Asháninka 23,750
[cpy] Ashéninka, South Ucayali 13,000
[cjo] Ashéninka Pajonal 12,000
[cpu] Ashéninka, Pichis 12,000
[mcb] Machiguenga 10,149
[cpb] Ashéninka, Ucayali-Yurúa 7,000
[not] Nomatsiguenga 6,500
[prq] Ashéninka Perené 5,500
[cpc] Ajyíninka Apurucayali 4,000
[cox] Nanti 350
[cot] Caquinte 300
Purus (4,024) [pib] Yine 4,000
[cuj] Mashco Piro 20
[inp] Iñapari 4
Western Maipuran (9,833) [ame] Yanesha' 9,831
[ccc] Chamicuro 2
Aymaran (442,479) [ayr] Aymara, Central 441,743
[jqr] Jaqaru 736
[ayc] Aymara, Southern #NA
Cahuapanan (13,384) [cbt] Chayahuita 11,384
[jeb] Jebero 2,000
Deaf sign language [prl] Peruvian Sign Language #NA
Harakmbet (811) [amr] Amarakaeri 500
[hug] Huachipaeri 311
Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian [spa] Spanish 20,000,000
[spq] Spanish, Loreto-Ucayali #NA
Jivaroan (50,623) [agr] Aguaruna 38,290
[hub] Huambisa 9,333
[acu] Achuar-Shiwiar 3,000
Language Isolate [tca] Ticuna 8,000
Language Isolate [cbu] Candoshi-Shapra 3,000
Language Isolate [ura] Urarina 3,000
Language Isolate [myr] Muniche 3
Language Isolate [trr] Taushiro 1
Panoan (37,222) North-Central (26,469) [shp] Shipibo-Conibo 26,000
[kaq] Capanahua 387
[isc] Isconahua 82
Northern (2,513) [mcf] Matsés 2,000
[pig] Pisabo 513
South-Central (1,640) Amahuaca [amc] Amahuaca 90
Yaminahua-Sharanahua (1,200) [yaa] Yaminahua 750
[mcd] Sharanahua 450
Yora [mts] Yora 350
Southeastern [cbs] Cashinahua 1,600
Western [cbr] Cashibo-Cacataibo 5,000
Peba-Yaguan [yad] Yagua 5,692
Quechuan Quechua I (1,554,717) [qwh] Quechua, Huaylas Ancash 336,332
[qvw] Quechua, Huaylla Wanca 250,000
[qxn] Quechua, Northern Conchucos Ancash 250,000
[qxo] Quechua, Southern Conchucos Ancash 250,000
[qva] Quechua, Ambo-Pasco 90,000
[qvm] Quechua, Margos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha 83,395
[qvh] Quechua, Huamalíes-Dos de Mayo Huánuco 72,440
[qvn] Quechua, North Junín 60,000
[qxh] Quechua, Panao Huánuco 50,000
[qub] Quechua, Huallaga Huánuco 40,000
[qur] Quechua, Yanahuanca Pasco 20,500
[qxw] Quechua, Jauja Wanca 14,550
[qxa] Quechua, Chiquián Ancash 10,000
[qxt] Quechua, Santa Ana de Tusi Pasco 10,000
[qvl] Quechua, Cajatambo North Lima 7,000
[qws] Quechua, Sihuas Ancash 6,500
[qwa] Quechua, Corongo Ancash 4,000
Quechua II (3,214,931) A (62,750) [qvc] Quechua, Cajamarca 30,000
[quf] Quechua, Lambayeque 20,000
[qux] Quechua, Yauyos 6,500
[qxc] Quechua, Chincha 6,000
[qvp] Quechua, Pacaraos 250
B (33,553) [qvs] Quechua, San Martín 15,000
[qvo] Quechua, Napo Lowland 8,000
[quk] Quechua, Chachapoyas 7,000
[qvz] Quichua, Northern Pastaza 2,000
[qup] Quechua, Southern Pastaza 1,553
C (3,118,628) [quz] Quechua, Cusco 1,500,000
[quy] Quechua, Ayacucho 900,000
[qxp] Quechua, Puno 500,000
[qve] Quechua, Eastern Apurímac 200,000
[qxu] Quechua, Arequipa-La Unión 18,628
Tacanan, Tiatinagua [ese] Ese Ejja 472
Tucanoan, Western Tucanoan (334) Northern, Siona-Secoya [sey] Secoya 144
Southern [ore] Orejón 190
Tupi, Tupi-Guarani, Subgroup III (2,010) [cod] Cocama-Cocamilla 2,000
[omg] Omagua 10
Witotoan (3,487) Boran [boa] Bora 2,328
Witoto (1,159) Ocaina [oca] Ocaina 54
Witoto Proper (1,105) Minica-Murui (1,005) [huu] Huitoto, Murui 1,000
[hto] Huitoto, Minica 5
Nipode [hux] Huitoto, Nüpode 100
Zaparoan (90) [arl] Arabela 50
[iqu] Iquito 35
[cah] Cahuarano 5

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