Peripherals/Touch Screen

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Revision as of 15:53, 4 August 2011 by 200.40.198.35 (Talk)
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Contents

Technology

Different touch screen technologies:

  • 4-Wire Resistive
  • 5-Wire Resistive
  • Capacitive
  • Surface Acoustic Wave
  • Infrared
  • Strain Gauge technology
  • embedded ccd in panel - can't find link but light detectors can be intermixed with light generators, maybe on an oled display, so the computer can detect when light reflected
  • A simple light sensor could also work as a display pointer. A tethered pen could detect flashed target boxes, like the old Nintendo Light Gun. For continuous drawing, the screen could flash through a series of patterns where the pen either sees light or dark. Each screen location would thus have a unique binary code flash through it, which would be reported by the pen's narrow light sensor. This screen scan will start in a small box near where the pen was last to reduce search time, and the eyesore of flickering. -- Nintendo wii remote has been hacked to provide multi touch interface-- http://gizmodo.com/gadgets/clips/wiimote-hack-is-wireless-multitouch-tv-321329.php

Apparently most PDA’s use 4-Wire Resistive touch screen technology. However I am not positive on this.

Adding a Touch Screen to the XO

The XO has a 7,5 inches display which is quite hard to find. An alternative is to buy a 8 inches, touch screen(not wide). I bought mine at http://www.iiic.hk.cn/ (product A172129A1) which is of 4-Wire Resistive technology with a outside dimension of 172*129 mm a viewing area of 162*123 mm and a active area of 160*121 mm. Then you have to open the XO computer and remove the screws by the lcd corners, then remove the rubber over them to obtain more space between the top plastic and the display. The touch screen comes with an usb controller, where we must a iron soldier to connect it to the USB port of the XO. We could obtain some free space under the display that permits to install the USB controller. The photographs bellow ilustrate this:

How to do

This are the steps that you must do to have your touch screen working.

Get starting

First of all you have to make a root in a jail, in order to install gcc, Makeutils and all the tools to generate binary files in the PC linking across the XO versions of the components. Another posibility is to use a virtual machine image.

Compiling the kernel module of the Touch Kit

into the root in the jail we need to compile the device driver tkusb.ko linking it with the correct kernel, so you have to download the correct kernel soruces that match with you XO kernel version. In this case the kernel version of my XO is 2.6.25, to know wich kernel version you have run uname -r in a terminal. The following script will download the kernel sources 2.6.25 and install it.

bash-3.2# wget http://dev.laptop.org/~dilinger/testing/kernel-2.6.25-20080925.1.olpc.f10b654367d7065.src.rpm
bash-3.2# mkdir /usr/src/redhat
bash-3.2# mkdir /usr/src/redhat/SOURCES
bash-3.2# rpm -ivh kernel-2.6.25-20080925.1.olpc.f10b654367d7065.src.rpm
bash-3.2# yum install redhat-rpm-config
bash-3.2# yum install m4
bash-3.2# yum install rpm-build
bash-3.2# yum install unifdef
bash-3.2# yum install tar
bash-3.2# rpmbuild -ba --define "dist olpc1" --define "olpc 1" --define "head dc5079fafb767e4" --target=i586 /usr/src/redhat/SPECS/olpc-2.6.spec

Download the touch screen drivers from http://www.touchkit.com/drivers/linux/TouchKit-2.03.1712-32b-k26-x14.tar.gz In the Makefile of tkusb.c change KDIR for KDIR := /usr/src/redhat/BUILD/kernel-2.6.25/linux-2.6.25.i586/ (or the correct) If make returns an error, you could solve it by adding {} at the end of the table usb_device_id tk_table[] defined in the file tkusb.c, view http://forum.eeeuser.com/viewtopic.php?pid=175102 Now you could run make, and this will generate the file tkusb.ko wich is the kernel module that implements the device driver

Installing the driver

bash-3.2# cp tkusb.ko /lib/modules/
bash-3.2# mknod /dev/tkpanel0 c 180 180


Add the following to /etc/rc.local

Code:
## TouchKit kernel module section begin ##
rmmod touchkitusb
## This module may be renamed “usbtouchscreen” ##
insmod /lib/modules/tkusb.ko
## for Kernel 2.6.x only.<br />
## TouchKit kernel module section end ##

The Xorg

You need to modify the xorg.conf to view the touch screen as a human interface device (HID). Add this to the /etc/xorg.conf:


  Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "EETI"
Driver "egalax"
Option "Device" "/dev/tkpanel0"
Option "Parameters" "/var/lib/eeti.param"
Option "ScreenNo" "0"
EndSection

then you have to copy the file egalax_drv.so to the directory /usr/lib/xorg/modules/input/

Closing and testing

You can see a little video of the result here:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1OQYJfsRNA

Contact

aguirrea at gmail.com
santiagoreyesgonzalez at gmail.com


see also

wiki.laptop.org/go/Touchscreen

External Links

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