Collection of Special Education Links
Reducing the use of Restraint and Seclusion
Regulations, Policies, Forms and Laws
DoE Review of laws and regulations in all 50 states from, 2009
Work of Legislative Committe in Maine
Extensive collection of resources put together by people in Maine
Nebraska, Developing School Policies & Procedures for Physical Restraint and Seclusion in Nebraska Schools
Proposed Arizona Legislation
Updated How Safe is the School House report covering laws in many states
Federal guidelines and resource document from May, 2012
Review of pending law on restraints in Congress
Disability Scoop Web sites review of Restraint legislation in Congress
Info on pending legislation and links to research
Congressional Research Office report on laws regarding restraints
Great collection of resources from US HHS autism coordinating committee
An Analysis of State Seclusion and Restraint Laws and Policies
Advocacy and News
Alternatives, Training and Ways to Reduce Restraints
- Information on the six main things a program or school can do to reduce restraint. 6 strategies template
- Crisis Prevention Institute (restraint and non-violent de-escalation training): http://www.crisisprevention.com/home
- Article on how restraints were ended at Bellevue Hospital
- Report on Restraint Reduction Ideas for Parents by Tash.org
- More resources needing registration I have a copy of this paper which I can share if you send an e-mail to: gregsmithpm at gmail.com: A Review of Crisis Intervention Training Programs for Schools The authors investigated 13 crisis intervention training programs and provide a comparison of the emphasis placed on certain topics, course content, duration, and type of instruction.
- Preventing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion with Young Children: The Role of Effective, Positive Practices
- Guide book for how to train teachers to avoid restraint: Final Guide Book
PhD dissertation on how best to train teachers to reduce the use of restraint and seclusion: Dissertation
Postive Behavioral Supports
The primary way to reduce restraints in a school or district is to implement positive behavioral intervention and support (PBIS or PBS) AKA School Wide Positive Behavioral Support (SWPBS).
Positive Behavioral Support Seclusion and Restraint Policy
One implementation of positive supports is called responsive classrooms.
Functional Behavioral Analysis
The primary way to change problem behavior of a child which may lead to a restraint is called Functional Behavioral Analysis/Assessment (FBA). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_analysis_(psychology)
FBA is sometimes considered part of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applied_behavior_analysis, an intervention or strategy most commonly used to help children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
An FBA typically results in a behavior intervention plan or behavior support plan. See: http://specialchildren.about.com/od/behavioranddiscipline/g/BIP.htm
There is significant controversy about whether restraint should be included in BIPs or IEPs. IMHO restraint should not be part of either.
Investigation and story about restraints in Lynn from Disabilities Law Center
Keeping Schools Safe for Everyone, report from Oregon
2009 GAO report on SECLUSIONS AND RESTRAINTS Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers
School is Not Supposed to Hurt report by National Disabilities Rights Network
A report on restraint, seclusion and aversive procedures one year after the passage of the Keeping All Students Safe Act in the U.S. House of Representatives This bill was not passed by the Senate yet. This report includes many distrubng media stories.
US Office of Civil Rights Data collection include incidents of restraint. Data for 2009 is available and 2011-2012 school year data should be available later this year (3/2014).
See: http://ocrdata.ed.gov/ then find the school district, then find discipline and physical restraints.
Office of Civil Rights Discipline Report for 2011-2012
Here's an example: http://ocrdata.ed.gov/Page?t=d&eid=26842&syk=5&pid=372
Info on Mass Restraint Reduction Initiative
This is not the official web site and no representation is made as to the accuracy or source of this information. It's for informational purposes only. Please leave any questions or comments on the discussion section of this page. GS
Looks like all these links below are broken now.
Other references to the intiative:
Mention of Initiative in DCF Monthly Newsletter September 2010
Mention in the 2008 Annual Report of the Office of the Child Advocate
Anouncement of initiative starting, February, 2010
Mention of initiative starting in year in review, January, 2010
These documents were previosuly available and are probably still available somewhere. However, they redesigned the web site and I can't find them anymore. Will keep looking...:
DMH Gets Innovation Award for this initiative and another
Mention of data aspects in DCF Monthly Newsletter July, 2010
Mention of the survey and data in DCF Monthly Newsletter May, 2010
Mention of SAMSHA Award for restraint reduction, March 2010
Steering committee agenda from July, 2010
Older Initiative from 2000
Sub-Committee on Training and Support
- Develops a training and technical support plan for providers and other stakeholders.
- Develops a compendium of positive behavioral support practice literature.
- Develops and promotes strategies for helping programs to involve and engage families.
Sub-Committee on Policy and Regulation
- Reviews policies and regulations of Massachusetts and other states governing behavior management practices and protocols, and family engagement requirements.
- Makes recommendations on revisions to existing Massachusetts policies and regulations.
Sub-Committee on Data Analysis and Reporting
- Reviews current systems for collecting relevant data
- Undertakes preliminary analysis of data and provides high level reports to the Steering Committee.
- Makes recommendations on indicators/key measures to be collected, analyzed and reported.
- Makes recommendations on periodicity of reports.
Town policies on restraint
Newton Public Schools Policy on Restraint see Section VIII
Cambridge Public Schools Guidelines: http://www3.cpsd.us/media/theme/Pro-Cambridge/network/10516/media/CPS%20Redesign/documents/Policies/CPS_PhysicalRestraintGuidelines.pdf?rev=0
Cambridge Public Schools Policy: http://www3.cpsd.us/media/theme/Pro-Cambridge/network/10516/media/CPS%20Redesign/documents/Policies/physical_restraint_policy.pdf?rev=0
Other Useful Links
New links needing to be sorted
http://www.help.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Seclusion%20and%20Restraints%20Final%20Report.pdf Senate Report
http://www.disabilityscoop.com/restraint-seclusion/ Disability Scoop coverage
http://www.nbcnewyork.com/investigations/Children-Disabilities-Time-Out-Rooms-Restraints-New-Jersey-249326291.html Report from NJ
Parents Restraint Working Group
SPED Programs, Cities and Towns
Quincy Improvement plan: http://www.quincypublicschools.com/educators/staff_acad/District%20Improvement%20Plan/PIP%20Program%20Improvement%20Plan/Academic/Judy%20Todd%20-%20%20%20%20%20Academic%202010-2011%20Sped%202011PIP.pdf
Quincy program paths to success PPT: http://www.quincypublicschools.com/educators/staff_acad/District%20Improvement%20Plan/PIP%20Program%20Improvement%20Plan/Academic/Judy%20Todd%20-%20%20%20%20%20Academic%202010-2011%20Sped%202011PIP.pdf
Newton programs: http://www3.newton.k12.ma.us/sites/default/files/2010-2_1_0.PDF
Tools for creating IEPs
Illinois based tool for choosing Goals, aligning them with standards and creating objectives:
EasyIEP. IEP management software used by school systems:
Listing of goals by content area:
MA State Level SPED links
State Wide Enrollment Data:
More Statewide data by city and town from Boston Glode:
More MA DESE http://www.doe.mass.edu/sped/cc.html
Information on the Alternative version of the MCAS: http://www.doe.mass.edu/mcas/alt/
Research on parent involvement in SPED
Clark, R. (2002). Ten hypotheses about what predicts student achievement for African American students and all other students: What the research shows. In W. Allen, M. Spencer, & C. O'Connor (Eds.), Advances in education in diverse communities:
Research, policy, and praxis: Vol. 2. African American education: Race, community, inequality and achievement. A tribute to Edgar G. Epps. New York: Elsevier Science.
Coleman, J. S., Campbel~ E., Hobson, C., McPartland, J., Mood, A, Weinfeld, F., et al. (I966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, DC: U.S. Office of Education, National Center for Educational Statistics.
Epstein, J. L., Coates, L., Salinas, K. C., Sanders, M. G., & Simon, B. S. (1997). School, family, and community partnerships: Your handbook for action. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
Feinstein, L., & Sabates, R. (2006). Does education have an impact on mothers' educational attitudes and behaviours? (Research briefRCBOI-06). DfES.
Feinstein, L., & Symons, J. (1999). Attainment in secondary school. Oxford Economic Papers, 51,300-321.
Bandlow, L.Z. The Relationship between parental involvement and student achievement in three working class elementary schools. 2009 Doctor of Education Dissertation. Seton Hall University. Downloaded from: http://domapp01.shu.edu/depts/uc/apps/libraryrepository.nsf/resourceid/83B96A59FD5CCC2B852575AF0051F68B/$File/Zickler-Bandlow-Laurie_Doctorate.PDF?Open
Epstein, J.L. DEVELOPING AND SUSTAINING RESEARCH-BASED PROGRAMS OF SCHOOL, FAMILY, AND COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS: Summary of Five Years of NNPS Research Spetember 2005. Downloaded from: http://www.csos.jhu.edu/p2000/pdf/Research%20Summary.pdf
An interview with Joyce Epstein: About Parental Involvement. Education News. Nov. 23rd 2005. Downloaded from: http://www.educationnews.org/articles/an-interview-with-joyce-epstein-about-parental-involvement-.html
Pages collected under SPED namespace