# XO Korea/Core Ideas/Economics

### From OLPC

**환영합니다 | Portal | XO Korea | Deployment | Content | Hardware | Software | Mesh Network | Ethics | LOS | XO City | Accreditation | Consortium**

The table below is for Korea to measure economic achievements after adopting OLPC and its variations by the entire nation, but *will be* somewhat different from ordinary tables to measure national competitiveness.

Our goal to economic progress via deploying OLPC is to achieve **sustainable welfare** rather than **sustainable growth.** The current consumption and welfare of the USA citizens is NOT **sustainable welfare** not to mention of **sustainable growth.** Why?
Imagine what the world will be if Chinese also come to enjoy the same consumption level as the USA.

Imagine what the world will be if the entire citizens in developing nations also come to enjoy the same consumption level as the USA.

Is it a sustainable consumption? or should most citizens in developing nations remain at the current consumption levels and starvation?

Not only Linux and Windows source code, but our civilization itself are too fat, needing some diet. Our goal is clear; to reach **sustainable consumption** rather than that sustainable only on deprived opportunities of developing nations.

OLPC is our motto. Billions of XO can be consumed by the entire world without destroying the earth or depriving the opportunities of others.

We are now modifying some items in the *National Competitiveness* Table produced by World Bank to measure progresses in **Sustainable Welfare**; Welfare not standing on the deprived opportunities of other nations.

# Economic Performance - Domestic Economy

## (1 ~ 11) Size, (12 ~ 18) Growth, (19 ~ 24) Wealth, (25 ~ 28) Forecasts

### Gross domestic product (GDP):: US$ billions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### GDP (PPP) Estimates; US$ billions at purchasing power parity

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Private final consumption expenditure:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Private final consumption expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Government final consumption expenditure:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
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- Year 2010

### Government final consumption expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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- Year 2010

### Gross domestic investment:: US$ billions

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### Gross domestic investment:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Gross domestic savings:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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### Gross domestic savings:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Economic sectors:: Breakdown as a percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Real GDP Growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Real GDP Growth per capita:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Private final consumption expenditure - real growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Government final consumption expenditure - real:: growth Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Gross domestic investment - real:: growth Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Gross domestic savings - real:: growth Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Resilience of the economy:: Resilience of the economy to economic cyclesis strong

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### GDP per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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### GDP (PPP) per capita:: Estimates; US$ per capita at purchasing power parity

- Year 2006
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### Private final consumption expenditure per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Government final consumption expenditure per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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### Gross domestic investment per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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### Gross domestic savings per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Forecast:: Real GDP Growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Forecast:: Inflation:: Percentage change

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
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- Year 2010

### Forecast:: Unemployment:: Percentage of total labor force

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### 28 Forecast:: Current account balance:: Percentage of GDP/GNP

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

## International Trade

### Current account balance:: US$ billions (minus sign = deficit)

- Year 2006
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### Current account balance:: Percentage of GDP

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### Balance of trade:: US$ billions (minus sign = deficit)

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### Balance of trade:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Balance of commercial services:: US$ billions (minus sign = deficit)

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### Balance of commercial services:: Percentage of GDP

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### Exports of goods:: US$ billions

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### Exports of goods:: Percentage of GDP

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- Year 2010

### Exports of goods - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

- Year 2006
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### Exports of commercial services:: US$ billions

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### Exports of commercial services:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Exports of commercial services - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

- Year 2006
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### Exports breakdown by economic sector:: Percentage of total exports

- Year 2006
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### Imports of goods & commercial services:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Imports of goods & commercial services:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Imports of goods & commercial services - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

- Year 2006
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### Imports breakdown by economic sector:: Percentage of total imports

- Year 2006
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### Trade to GDP ratio:: (Exports = Imports) / (2 x GDP)

- Year 2006
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### Terms of trade index:: Unit value of exports over unit value of imports (2000 = 100)

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### Tourism receipts:: International tourism receipts as a percentage of GDP

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## International Investment: (1 ~ 15) Investment, (16 ~ 17) Finance

### Direct investment flows abroad:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Direct investment flows abroad:: Percentage of GDP

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### Direct investment stocks abroad:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment stocks abroad - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

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### Direct investment flows inward:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment flows inward:: Percentage of GDP

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### Direct investment stocks inward:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment stocks inward - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

- Year 2006
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### Balance of direct investment flows:: US$ billions (flows abroad minus flows inward)

- Year 2006
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### Balance of direct investment flows:: Percentage of GDP (flows abroad minus flows inward)

- Year 2006
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### Net position in direct investment stocks:: US$ billions (stocks abroad minus stocks inward)

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### Net position in direct investment stocks:: Percentage of GDP (stocks abroad minus stocks inward)

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### Relocation threats of production:: Relocation of production is not a threat to the future of your economy

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### Relocation threats of R&D facilities:: Relocation of R&D facilities is not a threat to the future of your economy

- Year 2006
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### Relocation threats of services:: Relocation of services is not a threat to the future of your economy

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### Portfolio investment assets:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Portfolio investment liabilities:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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## Employment

### Employment:: Total employment in millions

- Year 2006
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### Employment:: Percentage of population

- Year 2006
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### Employment - growth:: Estimates:: percentage change

- Year 2006
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### Employment by sector:: Percentage of total employment

- Year 2006
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### Employment in the public sector:: Percentage of total employment

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### Unemployment rate:: Percentage of labor force

- Year 2006
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### Long-term unemployment:: Percentage of labor force

- Year 2006
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### Youth unemployment:: Percentage of labor force

- Year 2006
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## Prices

### Consumer price inflation:: Average annual rate

- Year 2006
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### Cost-of-living index:: Index of basket of goods & services in major cities, excluding housing. New York City=100

- Year 2006
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### Apartment rent:: 3-room apartment monthly rent in major cities, US$

- Year 2006
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### Office rent:: Total occupation cost (US$/Sq.M per year)

- Year 2006
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# Government Efficiency

## Public Finance

### Government budget surplus/deficit:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Government budget surplus/deficit:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Total general government debt:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Total general government debt:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Total general government debt - real growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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### Central government domestic debt:: Percentage of GDP

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### Central government foreign debt:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Interest payment:: Percentage of current revenue

- Year 2006
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### Management of public finances:: Management of public finances over the next two years is likely to improve

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### Total reserves:: Including gold and official reserves (gold = SDR 35 per ounce)

- Year 2006
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### General government expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

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## Fiscal Policy

### Collected total tax revenues:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Collected personal income tax:: On profits, income and capital gains, as a percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Collected corporate taxes:: On profits, income and capital gains, as a percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Collected indirect tax revenues:: Taxes on goods and services as a percentage of GDP

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### Collected capital and property taxes:: Percentage of GDP

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### Collected social security contribution:: Compulsory contribution of employees and employers as a percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Effective personal income tax rate:: Percentage of an income equal to GDP per capita

- Year 2006
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### Corporate tax rate on profit:: Maximum tax rate, calculated on profit before tax

- Year 2006
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### Consumption tax rate:: Standard rate of VAT / GST

- Year 2006
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### EmployeeRs social security contribution rate:: Compulsory contribution as a percentage of an income equal to GDP per capita

- Year 2006
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### EmployerRs social security contribution rate:: Compulsory contribution as a percentage of an income equal to GDP per capita

- Year 2006
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### Real personal taxes:: Real personal taxes do not discourage people from working or seeking advancement

- Year 2006
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### Real corporate taxes:: Real corporate taxes do not discourage entrepreneurial activity

- Year 2006
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### Tax evasion:: Tax evasion does not hamper business activity

- Year 2006
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## Institutional Framework - (1 ~ 7) Central Bank, (8 ~ 16) State Efficiency

### Real short-term interest rate:: Real discount / bank rate

- Year 2006
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### Cost of capital:: Cost of capital encourages business development

- Year 2006
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### Interest rate spread:: Lending rate minus deposit rate

- Year 2006
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### Country credit rating:: Rating on a scale of 0-100 assessed by the Institutional Investor Magazine ranking

- Year 2006
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### Central bank policy:: Central bank policy has a positive impact on economic development

- Year 2006
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### Exchange rate policy:: Exchange rate policy supports the competitiveness of enterprises

- Year 2006
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### Exchange rate stability:: Parity change from national currency to SDR, 2005/2003

- Year 2006
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### Policy direction of the government:: Policy direction of the government is consistent

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### Legal and regulatory framework:: The legal and regulatory framework encourages the competitiveness of enterprises

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### Adaptability of government policy:: Adaptability of government policy to changes in the economy is high

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### Government decisions:: Government decisions are effectively implemented

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### Political parties:: Political parties do understand today's economic challenges

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### Transparency:: Transparency of government policy is satisfactory

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### Public service:: The public service is independent from political interference

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### Bureaucracy:: Bureaucracy does not hinder business activity

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### Bribing and corruption:: Bribing and corruption do not exist in your economy

- Year 2006
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## Business Legislation - (1 ~ 7) openness, (8 ~ 17) Competition and Regulations, (18 ~ 20) Labor Regulations

### Customs' authorities:: Customs' authorities do facilitate the efficient transit of goods

- Year 2006
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### Protectionism:: Protectionism does not impair the conduct of your business

- Year 2006
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### Public sector contracts:: Public sector contracts are sufficiently open to foreign bidders

- Year 2006
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### International transactions:: International transactions can be freely negotiated with foreign partners

- Year 2006
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### Foreign investors:: Foreign investors are free to acquire control in domestic companies

- Year 2006
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### Access to capital markets:: Access to capital markets (foreign and domestic) is easily available

- Year 2006
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### Investment incentives:: Investment incentives are attractive to foreign investors

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### Government subsidies:: To private and public companies as a percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Subsidies:: Subsidies do not distort fair competition and economic development

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Competition legislation:: Competition legislation is efficient in preventing unfair competition

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Product and service:: legislation Product and service legislation does not deter business activity

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Price controls:: Price controls do not affect pricing of products in most industries

- Year 2006
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### Parallel economy:: Parallel (black-market, unrecorded) economy does not impair economic development

- Year 2006
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### Regulation intensity:: Regulation intensity does not restrain the ability of companies to compete

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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### Ease of doing business:: Ease of doing business is prevalent in your economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Creation of firms:: Creation of firms is supported by legislation

- Year 2006
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### Start-up days:: Number of days to start a business

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Labor regulations:: Labor regulations (hiring/firing practices,etc.) do not hinder business activities

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Unemployment:: legislation Unemployment legislation provides an incentive to look for work

- Year 2006
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- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Immigration laws:: Immigration laws do not prevent your company from employing foreign labor

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

## Societal Framework

### Justice:: Justice is fairly administered

- Year 2006
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### Personal security and private property:: Personal security and private property are adequately protected

- Year 2006
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### Risk of political instability:: The risk of political is very low

- Year 2006
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### Social cohesion:: Social cohesion is a priority for the government

- Year 2006
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### Income distribution - lowest 20%:: Percentage of household incomes going to lowest 20% of households

- Year 2006
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### Income distribution - highest 20%:: Percentage of household incomes going to highest 20% of households

- Year 2006
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### Discrimination:: Discrimination (race, gender, etc.) does not pose a handicap in society

- Year 2006
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### Females in parliament:: Percentage of total seats in Parliament

- Year 2006
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### Female positions:: Percentage of total legislators, senior officials and managers

- Year 2006
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### Gender income ratio:: Ratio of estimated female to male earned income globally

- Year 2006
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### Harassment Harassment (unethical behaviour, etc.) does not disturb the work environment

- Year 2006
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# Business Efficiency

## Productivity and Efficiency

### Overall productivity (PPP):: Estimates:: GDP (PPP) per person employed, US$

- Year 2006
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### Overall productivity:: GDP per person employed, US$

- Year 2006
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### Overall productivity - real growth:: Estimates:: Percentage change of real GDP per person employed

- Year 2006
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### Labor productivity (PPP):: Estimates:: GDP (PPP) per person employed per hour, US$

- Year 2006
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### Agricultural productivity (PPP):: Estimates:: Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in agriculture, US$

- Year 2006
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### Productivity in industry (PPP):: Estimates:: Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in industry, US$

- Year 2006
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### Productivity in services (PPP):: Estimates:: Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in services, US$

- Year 2006
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### Large corporations:: Large corporations are efficient by international standards

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### Small and medium-size enterprises:: Small and medium-size enterprises are efficient by international standards

- Year 2006
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## Labor Market - ( ~ ) Costs, (~ ) Relations, ( ~ ) Availability of Skills

### Compensation levels:: Estimates:: Total hourly compensation for manufacturing workers, US$

- Year 2006
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### Unit labor costs in the manufacturing sector:: Percentage change

- Year 2006
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### Remuneration in services professions:: Gross annual income including supplements such as bonuses, in US$

- Year 2006
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### Remuneration of management:: Total base salary plus bonuses and long-term incentives, US$

- Year 2006
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### Working hours:: Average number of working hours per year

- Year 2006
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### Labor relations:: Labor relations are generally productive

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### Worker motivation:: Worker motivation is high in your economy

- Year 2006
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### Industrial disputes:: Working days lost per 1,000 inhabitants per year (Average)

- Year 2006
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### Employee training:: Employee training is a high priority in companies

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### Labor force:: Employed and registered unemployed

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### Labor force:: Percentage of population

- Year 2006
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### Labor force growth:: Percentage change

- Year 2006
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### Part-time employment:: Percentage of total employment

- Year 2006
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### Female labor force:: Percentage of total labor force

- Year 2006
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### Foreign labor force:: Percentage of total labor force

- Year 2006
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### Skilled labor:: Skilled labor is readily available

- Year 2006
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### Finance skills:: Finance skills are readily available

- Year 2006
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### Brain drain:: Brain drain does not hinder competitiveness in your economy

- Year 2006
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### Foreign high-skilled people:: Foreign high-skilled people are attracted by the business environment of your economy

- Year 2006
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### International experience:: International experience of senior managers is generally significant

- Year 2006
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### Competent senior managers:: Competent senior managers are readily available

- Year 2006
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## Finance- ( ~ ) Bank Efficiency, ( ~ ) Stock Market Efficiency, ( ~ ) Finance Management

### Banking sector assets:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Credit:: Creditf lows easily from banks to businesses

- Year 2006
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### Number of credit cards issued:: Per capita

- Year 2006
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### Credit card transactions:: Number of transactions per capita

- Year 2006
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### Investment risk:: Euromoney country credit-worthiness scale from 0-100

- Year 2006
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### Venture capital:: Venture capital is easily available for business development

- Year 2006
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### Banking and financial services:: Banking and financial services do support business activities efficiently

- Year 2006
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### Retail banking:: Population /number of bank offices

- Year 2006
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### Banking regulation:: Banking regulation does not hinder business development

- Year 2006
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### Stock markets:: Stock markets provide adequate financing to companies

- Year 2006
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### Stock market capitalization:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Stock market capitalization:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Value traded on stock markets:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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### Listed domestic companies:: Number of listed domestic companies

- Year 2006
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### Stock market index:: Percentage change on index in national currency

- Year 2006
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### Shareholders' rights:: Shareholders' rights are sufficiently protected

- Year 2006
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### Financial institutions' transparency:: Financial institutions' transparency is sufficiently implemented

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### Cash flow:: Cash flow is generally sufficient to allow companies to self-finance

- Year 2006
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### Corporate debt:: Corporate debt does not restrain the ability of enterprises to compete

- Year 2006
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### Factoring:: Percentage of merchandise exports

- Year 2006
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## Management Practices

### Adaptability of companies:: Adaptability of companies to market changes is high

- Year 2006
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### Ethical practices:: Ethical practices are implemented in companies

- Year 2006
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### Credibility of managers:: Credibility of managers is prevalent in business

- Year 2006
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### Corporate boards:: Corporate boards do supervise the management of companies effectively

- Year 2006
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### Auditing and accounting practices:: Auditing and accounting practices are adequately implemented in business

- Year 2006
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### Shareholder value:: Shareholder value is efficiently managed

- Year 2006
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### Customer satisfaction:: Customer satisfaction is emphasized in companies

- Year 2006
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### Entrepreneurship:: Entrepreneurship of managers is widespread in business

- Year 2006
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### Marketing:: Marketing is conducted efficiently by enterprises

- Year 2006
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### Social responsibility:: Social responsibility of business leaders is high towards society

- Year 2006
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### Health, safety & environmental concerns:: Health, safety & environmental concerns are adequately addressed by management

- Year 2006
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## Attitudes and Values

### Attitudes toward globalization:: Attitudes toward globalization are generally positive in your economy

- Year 2006
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### Image abroad:: The image abroad of your country/region encourages business development

- Year 2006
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### National culture:: The national culture is open to foreign ideas

- Year 2006
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### Flexibility and adaptability:: Flexibility and adaptability of people in your economy are high when faced with new challenges

- Year 2006
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### Need for economic and social reforms:: The need for economic and social reforms is generally understood by people in your society

- Year 2006
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### Values of society:: Values of society support competitiveness

- Year 2006
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### Corporate values:: Corporate values take into account the values of employees

- Year 2006
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# Infrastructure

## Basic Infrastructure

### Land area:: Square kilometers ('000)

- Year 2006
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### Arable area:: Square meters per capita

- Year 2006
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### Urbanization:: Urbanization of cities does not drain economic resources

- Year 2006
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### Population - market size:: Estimates in millions

- Year 2006
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### Population under years:: Percentage of total population

- Year 2006
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### Population over 65 years:: Percentage of total population

- Year 2006
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### Dependency ratio:: Population under 15 and over 64 years old, divided by active population (15 to 64 years)

- Year 2006
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### Roads:: Density of the network

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### Railroads:: Density of the network

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### Air transportation:: Number of passengers carried by main companies

- Year 2006
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### Quality of air transportation:: Quality of air transportation encourages business development in your economy

- Year 2006
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### Distribution infrastructure:: The distribution infrastructure of goods and services is generally efficient

- Year 2006
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### Water transportation:: Water transportation (harbors, canals, etc.) meets business requirements

- Year 2006
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### Maintenance and development:: Maintenance and development of infrastructure are adequately planned and financed

- Year 2006
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### Energy infrastructure:: Energy infrastructure is adequate and efficient in your economy

- Year 2006
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### Total indigenous energy production:: Millions MTOE

- Year 2006
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### Total indigenous energy production per capita:: Millions MTOE per capita

- Year 2006
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### Total indigenous energy production:: Percentage of total requirements in tons of oil equivalent

- Year 2006
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### Total final energy consumption:: Millions MTOE

- Year 2006
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### Total final energy consumption per capita:: Millions MTOE per capita

- Year 2006
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### Energy intensity:: Commercial energy consumed for each dollar of GDP in kilojoules

- Year 2006
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### Electricity costs for industrial clients:: US$ per kwh

- Year 2006
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## Technological Infrastructure

### Investment in telecommunications:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Fixed telephone lines:: Number of main lines per 1000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
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### International fixed telephone costs:: US$ per 3 minutes in peak hours to USA (for USA to Europe)

- Year 2006
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### Mobile telephone subscribers:: Number of subscribers per 1000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
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### Mobile telephone costs:: US$ per 3 minutes in peak hours (local)

- Year 2006
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### Communications technology:: Communications technology (voice and data) meets business requirements

- Year 2006
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### Computers in use:: Worldwide share / Source:: Computer Industry Almanac

- Year 2006
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### Computers per capita:: Number of computers per 1000 people / Source:: Computer Industry Almanac

- Year 2006
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### Internet users:: Number of internet users per 1000 people / Source:: Computer Industry Almanac

- Year 2006
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### Internet costs:: Cost for hours dial-up per month, US$

- Year 2006
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### Broadband subscribers:: Number of subscribers per 1000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
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### Broadband costs:: US$ per 100 kbits/s per month

- Year 2006
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### Information technology skills:: Information technology skills are readily available

- Year 2006
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### Technological cooperation:: Technological cooperation is developed between companies

- Year 2006
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### Development and application of technology:: Development and application of technology are supported by the legal environment

- Year 2006
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### Funding for technological development:: Funding for technological development is generally sufficient

- Year 2006
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### Technological regulation:: Technological regulation supports business development and innovation

- Year 2006
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### High-tech exports:: US$ millions

- Year 2006
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### High-tech exports:: Percentage of manufactured exports

- Year 2006
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### Cyber security:: Cyber security is being adequately addressed by corporations

- Year 2006
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## Scientific Infrastructure

### Total expenditure on R&D:: US$ millions

- Year 2006
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### Total expenditure on R&D:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Total expenditure on R&D per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
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### Business expenditure on R&D:: US$ millions

- Year 2006
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### Business expenditure on R&D:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Total R&D personnel nationwide:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE)

- Year 2006
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### Total R&D personnel nationwide per capita:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE) per 1000 people

- Year 2006
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### Total R&D personnel in business enterprise:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE)

- Year 2006
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### Total R&D personnel in business per capita:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE) per1000 people

- Year 2006
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### Basic research:: Basic research does enhance long-term economic development

- Year 2006
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### Science degrees:: Percentage of total first university degrees in science and engineering

- Year 2006
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### Scientific articles:: Scientific articles published by origin of author

- Year 2006
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### Science in schools:: Science in schools is sufficiently emphasized

- Year 2006
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### Youth interest in science:: Youth interest in science is strong

- Year 2006
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### Nobel prizes:: Awarded in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine and economics since 1950

- Year 2006
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### Nobel prizes per capita:: Awarded in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine and economics since 1950 per mio people

- Year 2006
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### Patents granted to residents:: Number of patents granted to residents (average 2001 - 2003)

- Year 2006
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### Securing patents abroad:: Number of patents secured abroad by country residents

- Year 2006
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### Intellectual property rights:: Intellectual property rights are adequately enforced

- Year 2006
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### Number of patents in force:: Per 100,000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
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### Patent productivity:: Patents granted to residents / R&D personnel in business ('000s)

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Legal environment:: The legal environment supports scientific research

- Year 2006
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## Health and Environment

### Total health expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Public expenditure on health:: Percentage of total health expenditure

- Year 2006
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### Health infrastructure:: Health infrastructure meets the needs of society

- Year 2006
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### Life expectancy at birth:: Average estimate

- Year 2006
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### Healthy life expectancy:: Average estimate

- Year 2006
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### Medical assistance:: Number of inhabitants per physician and per nurse

- Year 2006
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### Urban population:: Percentage of total population

- Year 2006
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### Human development index:: Combines economic - social - educational indicators / Source:: Human Development Report

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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### Health problems (AIDS, alcohol, drug abuse, etc.):: Health problems (AIDS, alcohol, etc.) do not have a significant impact on companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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- Year 2010

### Paper and cardboard recycling rate:: Percentage of apparent consumption

- Year 2006
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### Waste water treatment plants:: Percentage of population served

- Year 2006
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### Carbon dioxide emissions:: CO2 emissions in metric tons per one million US$ of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Ecological footprint:: Area units per person, hectares of biologically productive space

- Year 2006
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### Sustainable development:: Sustainable development is a priority in companies

- Year 2006
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### Pollution problems:: Pollution problems do not seriously affect your economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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### Environmental laws:: Environmental laws and compliance do not hinder the competitiveness of businesses

- Year 2006
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### Quality of life:: Quality of life is high

- Year 2006
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## Education

### Total public expenditure on education:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Pupil-teacher ratio (primary education):: Ratio of students to teaching staff

- Year 2006
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### Pupil-teacher ratio (secondary education):: Ratio of students to teaching staff

- Year 2006
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### Secondary school enrollment:: Percentage of relevant age group receiving full-time education

- Year 2006
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### Higher education achievement:: Percentage of population that has attained at least tertiary education for persons 25 -34

- Year 2006
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### Educational assessment:: PISA survey of 15-year olds

- Year 2006
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### Educational system:: The educational system meets the needs of a competitive economy

- Year 2006
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### University education:: University education meets the needs of a competitive economy

- Year 2006
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### Illiteracy:: Adult (over years) illiteracy rate as a percentage of population

- Year 2006
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### Economic literacy:: Economic literacy is generally high among the population

- Year 2006
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### Education in finance:: Education in finance does meet the needs of enterprises

- Year 2006
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### Language skills:: Language skills are meeting the needs of enterprises

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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- Year 2010

### Qualified engineers:: Qualified engineers are available in your labor market

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
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### Knowledge transfer:: Knowledge transfer is highly developed between companies and universities

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010