Catalan language

(Redirected from Catalan)
Jump to: navigation, search

Catalan IPA: [ˈkʰæ.təˌlæn] (català IPA: [kə.tə'la] or [ka.ta'la]) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of The Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia, and in the city of L'Alguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. It is also spoken, although with no official recognition, in the autonomous communities of Aragon (in La Franja) and Murcia (in El Carxe) in Spain, and in Northern Catalonia, a historical region of Catalonia in southern France, which is more or less equivalent to the département of the Pyrénées-Orientales.

XO Catalan translation pootle page: [here]

Catalan alphabet

   * A a [a: Pronunciation: /a/, /ə/]
         o Variations:À à [Pronunciation /a/]
   * B b [be: Pronunciation: /b/, /β/, /bb/]
   * C c [ce: Pronunciation: /k/, /s/]
         o Variants: Ç ç [ce trencada: Pronunciation: /s/]
   * D d [de: Pronunciation: /d/, /δ/]
   * E e [e: Pronunciation: /e/, /ε/, /ə/]
         o Variants: È è [Pronunciation: /ε/]
         o Variants: É é [Pronunciation: /e/]
   * F f [efa; Pronunciation: /f/]
   * G g [ge; Pronunciation: /g/, /γ/, /ʒ/, /ʝ/]
   * H h (hac; mute letter)
   * I i [i: Pronunciation: /i/, /j/]
         o Variants:Í í [Pronunciation: /i/]
         o Variants:Ï ï [Pronunciation: /i/]
   * J j [jota; Pronunciation: /ʒ/]
   * K k (ke; Only for foreign words) [Pronunciation: /k/]
   * L l [ela; Pronunciation: /l/ /ɫ/]
   * M m [ema; Pronunciation: /m/]
   * N n[ena; Pronunciation: /n/,/ɱ/]
   * O o [o; Pronunciation: /o/, /u/, /ɔ/]
         o Variants: Ò ò [Pronunciation: /ɔ/]
         o Variants: Ó ó [Pronunciation: /o/]
   * P p [pe; Pronunciation: /p/, /pp/]
   * Q q [cu; Pronunciation: /k/]
   * R r [erre; Pronunciation: /r/, /ρ/]
   * S s [esse; Pronunciation: /s/, /z/]
   * T t [te; Pronunciation: /t/]
   * U u [u; Pronunciation: /u/, /w/]
         o Variations:Ú ú [Pronunciation: /u/]
         o Variations:Ü ü [Pronunciations: /u/, /w/]
   * V v [ve baixa; Pronunciation: /v/, /b/, /β/]
   * W w (ve doble; Only for foreign words) [Pronunciation: /w/, /b/] (e.g. web [w] but wàter [b])
   * X x [ics, xeix; Pronunciation: /ks/, /gz/, /ʃ/]
   * Y y (i grega; Only in the "ny" combination) [Pronunciation: doesn't exist alone]
   * Z z [zeta; Pronuciation: /z/]

Catalan uses also the acute accent to mark stressed high vowels, the grave accent to mark stressed low vowels, and the diaeresis to mark hiatuses.