- 1 Speech Synthesis Server
- 1.1 Description
- 1.2 Existing Tools Present
- 1.2.1 Modifiable Speech Parameters
- 1.2.2 Modifiable Voice Parameters
- 1.2.3 A speech synthesis dbus daemon service
- 1.2.4 Speech Server Dbus Methods
- 1.3 Installing speech-dispatcher on the xo
- 1.4 Voice Files
- 1.5 Codebase
- 1.6 Team
Speech Synthesis Server
An easy to use api for speech synthesis which would be useful for self-voicing activities.
Existing Tools Present
Please note that this is work in progress, and this API is currently NOT STABLE.
Modifiable Speech Parameters
Refer espeak Library API to understand usage.
espeakRATE = 1 espeakVOLUME = 2 espeakPITCH = 3 espeakRANGE = 4 espeakPUNCTUATION = 5 espeakCAPITALS = 6
Modifiable Voice Parameters
Follow the espeak Voice Description
language -> language(In standard notation) name -> a given name for this voice. By default it should be set NULL identifier -> the filename for this voice within espeak-data/voices. Should be set NULL by default. gender -> voice gender( 1 = male, 2 = female, 0 = unknown) age -> By default age = 0. espeak automatically sets it. variant -> Used to modify the voice by different variant. Preferably 0.
A speech synthesis dbus daemon service
- A dbus-glib based speech server written in C.
- Speech server reuses the libespeak library.
- Methods exposed via D-BUS for performing certain tasks globally to all xo activities.
Speech Server Dbus Methods
This Dbus Method accepts an incoming UTF8 string, and plays it back.
- Speaks the text pointed by string.
- Must be a valid UTF 8 String
Example Python Code:
import dbus bus = dbus.SessionBus() espeak_object = bus.get_object('org.laptop.Speech','/org/laptop/Speech') espeak_object.SayText("Hello world! Hey I can talk to you")
This Dbus Method accepts parameters to set the voice parameters for espeak. Refer to the Modifiable Voice Parameters for more details. This methods can be used to configure the voice properties of espeak.
SetVoice(String name, String languages, String identifier, int gender, int age, int variant, )
import dbus bus = dbus.SessionBus() espeak_object = bus.get_object('org.laptop.Speech','/org/laptop/Speech') espeak_object.SetVoice("","fr", "", 2,0,0) #Choose a female voice to speak french text espeak_object.SayText("Je suis une etudiante!")
This Dbus Method accepts parameters to set the speech parameters for espeak. Refer to the Modifiable Speech Parameters for more details.
SetParameter(int PARAMETER_NAME, int PARAMETER_VALUE)
import dbus bus = dbus.SessionBus() espeak_object = bus.get_object('org.laptop.Speech','/org/laptop/Speech') espeak_object.SetParameter(1, 60) #Modifies the espeakRATE parameter to speak 60 words per minute espeak_object.SayText("I am a very lazy speaker!")
This Dbus Method returns a dbus.Structure This is required for getting the current settings of the espeak service. It is required to display the present settings of espeak in the control panel that will be made available for tuning the espeak parameters.
import dbus bus = dbus.SessionBus() espeak_object = bus.get_object('org.laptop.Speech','/org/laptop/Speech') espeak_object.SetParameter(1, 60) espeak_object.SetVoice("","en-uk", "", 2,0,0) val = espeak_object.GetConfiguration() print val
This Dbus Method allows the user to save the current espeak parameters.
import dbus bus = dbus.SessionBus() espeak_object = bus.get_object('org.laptop.Speech','/org/laptop/Speech') espeak_object.SetParameter(1, 60) espeak_object.SetVoice("","en-uk", "", 2,0,0) espeak_object.SaveConfiguration() #Will overwrite the existing user settings
LoadConfiguration() and LoadDefaultConfiguration()
This Dbus Method allows the user to set all espeak parameters to his/her preferences which they are required to save.
LoadConfiguration() or LoadDefaultConfiguration()
import dbus bus = dbus.SessionBus() espeak_object = bus.get_object('org.laptop.Speech','/org/laptop/Speech') espeak_object.LoadConfiguration()
Installing speech-dispatcher on the xo
You'll need to download the following RPM packages on a pen drive:
Assuming that the packages are in the root of your pen-drive, perform the following commands as root.
cd /media/[name of pen drive]/ rpm --install dotconf-1.0.13-1.fc5.i386.rpm rpm --install --nodeps speech-dispatcher-0.6.1-1.fc5.i386.rpm
'At this stage you may get some warnings/errors about festival/flite and python-abi not being present. You can safely ignore these warnings'
Make yourself root and run the following command:
yum install speech-dispatcher speech-dispatcher-python
Yum needs more disk space than the RPM install, because it downloads several megabytes for the Yum database, plus it downloads the pulse libraries and Festival Lite, neither of which is needed on the XO. You may be able to use RPM to remove these later, but they only use about 7 megabytes.
We now modify the configuration files to make speech-dispatcher use eSpeak (which is part of the XO distribution, so you don't need to install it):
If you did a yum install the lines in speechd.conf should look like this, but double check to be sure:
# AddModule loads an output module. # Syntax: AddModule "name" "binary" "configuration" "logfile" # - name is the name under which you can acces this module # - binary is the path to the binary executable of this module, # either relative (to lib/speech-dispatcher-modules/) or absolute # - configuration is the path to the config file of this module, # either relative (to etc/speechd/modules/) or absolute AddModule "espeak" "sd_espeak" "espeak.conf" #AddModule "festival" "sd_festival" "festival.conf" #AddModule "flite" "sd_flite" "flite.conf" #AddModule "espeak-generic" "sd_generic" "espeak-generic.conf" #AddModule "epos-generic" "sd_generic" "epos-generic.conf" #AddModule "dtk-generic" "sd_generic" "dtk-generic.conf" #AddModule "ibmtts" "sd_ibmtts" "ibmtts.conf" #AddModule "cicero" "sd_cicero" "cicero.conf" # The output module testing doesn't actually connect to anything. It # outputs the requested commands to standard output and reads # responses from stdandard input. This way, Speech Dispatcher's # communication with output modules can be tested easily. # AddModule "testing" # DefaultModule selects which output module is the default. You must # use one of the names of the modules loaded with AddModule. DefaultModule espeak
If you are running speech-dispatcher on an XO your espeak.conf file should already specify that you are using ALSA output. If you are setting up a test environment running Fedora 10 or another distribution that uses pulse-audio you will still want to use ALSA, because that works better with speech-dispatcher than pulse-audio does, and of course that also makes your test environment as much like the XO as possible. To do this you'll need to remove the RPM (or equivalent) for the alsa-to-pulse-audio-bridge. You should be able to remove this without removing pulse-audio entirely. After that speech-dispatcher should work using ALSA with no problems.
rpm -e alsa-plugins-pulseaudio
To edit the espeak configuration:
The file should have lines looking like this:
# Chooses between three possible sound output systems: # "oss" - Open Sound System # "alsa" - Advanced Linux Sound System # "nas" - Network Audio System # "pulse" - PulseAudio # ALSA is default and recommended. The recent implementations # support mixing of multiple streams. OSS is only provided # for compatibility with architectures that do not include ALSA. # NAS is an audio server with higher level of control over # your audio stream, with the possibility to stream your audio # over the network to a different computer and other advanced # features. (The NAS backend is not very well tested however.) # PulseAudio is a sound server for POSIX and WIN32 systems. # EspeakAudioOutputMethod "alsa"
Now start the speech-dispatcher service and test if it works correctly
speech-dispatcher -d spd-say "Yes this should work"
You will need to do this before running any Activity that uses Text to Speech. Read Etexts is an Activity you can use to try out this feature.
These are some voice samples which give better voice quality than the default ones To use these files:
- Create a new file in eSpeak\espeak-data\voices folder say with name testvoice
- Copy any one of these in that file and save it
- Run on terminal espeak -vtestvoice "testing new voice"
name english language en-uk 2 gender male pitch 82 117 replace 03 I i replace 03 I2 i echo 30 30 formant 0 100 100 150 voicing 200
name english language en-uk 2 gender female pitch 82 100 echo 10 25 formant 0 100 100 150 voicing 100 roughness 1 flutter 1
The code for the project can be accessed in the git repository at | Screen Reader GIT
Core Team :
- Assim Deodia
- Cody Lodrige
- Hemant Goyal
Mentor : Arjun Sarwal