모든 레벨에 걸쳐, 자료의 창조와 공유 네트워크가 있습니다; 기존 수요를 위한 자료 검색; 기존 자료에 대한 피드백 제공.
- 1 OER Movement
- 1.1 Projects
- 1.2 OER Repositories
- 1.3 Open Content Repositories
- 1.4 Open education programs and efforts
- 1.5 Free Educational Resources and Programs
- 1.6 About the countries and their conditions:
- 1.7 Communities developing learning materials
- 1.8 Organizations looking into learning materials
- 1.9 Education supporters and ideas:
- 1.10 Resources
- 1.11 See Also
- 1.12 References
열린 교육 자원 Open Educational Resources은 "비상업적 목적으로 이용자 커뮤니티가 참조하고, 이용하며, 채택할 수 있는 교육 자원에 관한 기술 기반, 개방형 협약"으로 정의됩니다. 그것들은 웹 상에서 자유롭게 이용할 수 있으며, 주된 용도는 교사 및 교육 기관에 의한 코스 개발을 지원하는 것이지만, 학생들이 직접 이용할 수도 있습니다. 열린 교육 자원은 syllabi, 커리큘럼, 교사용 가이드 뿐 아니라, 강의 자료, 참고 및 독서물, 시뮬레이션, 실험 및 증명을 포함합니다.(1)
- Grapevine (http://oergrapevine.org/) -
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's OER study
- Wiki of the Unesco IIEP community of interest in Open educational resources
- Connexions (http://cnx.org/)
- Curriki (http://curriki.org/)
- Edplum (http://edplum.org/)
- Free High School Science Texts (FHSST http://www.fhsst.org/)
- Internet Archive: Education (http://www.archive.org/details/education)
- Marco Polo (http://www.marcopolo-education.org/)
- MIT Open Course Ware (http://ocw.mit.edu/)
- OER Commons (http://www.oercommons.org/)
- Open Planner (http://www.openplanner.org/)
- Tapped In (http://tappedin.org/)
- Teach Forward (http://teachforward.org/)
- We The Teachers (http://www.wetheteachers.com/)
- WikiEducator (http://wikieducator.org/)
- Wikigogy (http://wikigogy.org/)
- WikiJET (http://www.wikijet.org/)
- WikiTeach (http://www.wikiteach.org/)
Open Content Repositories
See also 교육 컨텐트 아이디어 참조
- Creative Commons Search Page (http://search.creativecommons.org/)
- Electrobel Community (http://www.electrobel.be/) More than 10.000 electronic music songs released under CC license.
- BeatPick (http://www.beatpick.com/) A creative commons music licensing site
- CCMixter (http://ccmixter.org/) - A Creative Commons Remix community site.
- Common Content (http://commoncontent.org/) - Lots of stuff
- Magnatune (http://www.magnatune.com/) - CC music (classical, new age, etc.)
- Jamendo (http://www.jamendo.com/) - An archive of music albums under Creative Commons licenses
- Open Clip Art Library (http://www.openclipart.org/)
- everystockphoto.com (http://www.everystockphoto.com/) - Search engine and member bookmarking for Creative Commons Photos
- The Internet Archive (http://archive.org/) - Project dedicated to maintaining an archive of multimedia resources, among which Creative Commons-licensed content
- Ourmedia (http://www.ourmedia.org/) - Media archive supported by the Internet Archive
- Creative Commons Search (http://search.yahoo.com/cc/) from Yahoo!
- Google Open Content Search (http://opencontent.org/googleocw/)(3)
Open education programs and efforts
Open source textbooks:
- Worldchanging post from 2004, when this was a hot idea
- Open Ed conferences 2006 2005
- eShiksha  -- lots of great science learning modules in Hindi, Tamil, and English
Free Educational Resources and Programs
- Wikiversity (http://wikiversity.org/) (2)
- Self Paced Reading Labs Just starting.
- http://www/wikibooks.org A project of the Wikimedia Foundation.
- http://www/wikipedia.org A free online encyclopedia. A project of the Wikimedia Foundation.
About the countries and their conditions:
http://www.v-brazil.com/social/education.html - Brazil Travel - Education resource, comprehensive.
http://ciaonet.org/ - Columbia University International Affairs database.
http://www.jstor.org – Perhaps somewhat outdated for our purposes, but a lot about everything.
http://www.globalissues.org/ - Over 500 articles, mostly written by an Englishman of Indian/East African descent named Anup Shah. Claims over 7,000 external links to news articles, charity organizations, NGOs, and the United Nations. See http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Debt/USAid.asp for a page specifically about United States foreign aid.
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/ is a list of “background notes” on each of the world's recognized countries. http://www.state.gov/issuesandpress/ is a bit broader. http://iew.state.gov/ - International Education Week initiative http://exchanges.state.gov/ U.S. State Dept. Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/ - The one and only CIA World Factbook, with information about each of the world's countries.
http://www.eiu.com - The Economist Intelligence Unit. “The Economist Intelligence Unit provides a constant flow of analysis and forecasts on more than 200 countries and eight key industries. We help executives make informed business decisions through dependable intelligence delivered online, in print, in customised research as well as through conferences and peer interchange.”
http://www.wes.org - World Education News and Reviews. Comprehensive and useful country data, especially as relevant to education.
Communities developing learning materials
- Academics : ed schools, universities
- Educators: teaching colleges, administrators
- Teachers : Associations, unions, PTAs
- Parents : PTAs (again), support groups, childcare networks
- Out-of-school support: Unschooling, groups of children outside school (who can't afford it, working full-time, &c)
- Pop: authors, radio personalities targeting parents w/kids
Organizations looking into learning materials
including curricula, spreading books and libraries and tools and computers
Education supporters and ideas:
http://www.istr.org - International Society for Third Sector Research http://www.iadb.org/ - Inter-American Development Background http://adb.org/ - Asian Development Bank http://www.afdb.org – African Development Bank
http://www.usaid.gov/index.html. Let us not forget USAID. “USAID is an independent federal government agency that receives overall foreign policy guidance from the Secretary of State. Supports long-term and equitable economic growth and advances U.S. foreign policy objectives by supporting economic growth, agriculture and trade; global health; democracy, conflict prevention and humanitarian assistance. “
http://www.benkler.org/wealth_of_networks/index.php?title=Main_Page is a wiki surrounding Yochai Benkler's work “The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom”. Presents the full text of his book, and occasional extra notes.
http://www.imf.org/ - The International Monetary Fund. “The IMF is an organization of 185 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty.”
http://www.unesco.org – UNESCO - “UNESCO [the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization] functions as a laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues. The Organization also serves as a clearinghouse – for the dissemination and sharing of information and knowledge – while helping Member States to build their human and institutional capacities in diverse fields. In short, UNESCO promotes international co-operation among its 191 Member States and six Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication. “
http://pirate.shu.edu/~mirabero/NGO%20Study/Study%20Overview%20Page.htm: The Seton Hall NGO Education study. Offers a list of university level NGO education programs (those that train people to manage NGOs). Were we to get in contact with these departments, we should in theory have access to a substantial wealth of NGO contacts. Argentina, Brazil, Nigeria, and Thailand are among our represented green countries. Other programs are in nearby regions that could possibly, through a longer trail, offer us information on other target countries that don't have similar university programs. The Study can be found at: http://pirate.shu.edu/~mirabero/NGO%20Study/Master%20List%20of%20Programs%20July%202006.doc
http://ngo.org/ is a somewhat outdated site that nevertheless maintains a fairly large compendium of links referring to specific U.N./NGO relevant issues, including education. Run by http://www.idealist.org/
Some of the featured links (under the Education heading) include: http://pathwaystopeace.org/ - Pathways to Peace NGO. Has a subgroup called PACEM (Pathways Consulting, Educating, and Mentoring), one of whose tasks is: “PACEM's range of services include:Consulting with international civil society organizations, developing internal peacebuilding practices and cooperation, mentoring and educating young people in Peace leadership.”
http://www.globaleduc.org/ - Global Education Associates NGO “GEA's mission is to advance global systems that will secure ecological integrity, peace, human rights, economic and social well-being, and democratic participation, with special care to include the voices and perspectives of poor and marginalized people and of diverse cultural and religious traditions.”
http://www.experiment.org/ - Experiment for International Living NGO (possibly not relevant, though could be very helpful in establishing an understanding of International educational norms).
http://www.ei-ie.org/en/index.php – Education International NGO. “Education International represents more than 30 million teachers and education workers. Our 348 member organisations operate in 169 countries, from pre-school to university. “
http://www.iearn.org/ - iEARN, the International Education and Resource Network
http://www.curriki.org/xwiki/bin/view/Main/WebHome - Time Magazine included this one on a recent article about education in the 21st century. "Our mission is to improve education around the world by empowering teachers, students and parents with user-created, open source curricula, and it's all free!"
- http://www.osef.org/ - Open Source Education Foundation
- http://www.openeducation.org.au/wiki/index.php/Main_Page - Open Education Wiki (Australia)
- http://www.hewlett.org/Programs/Education/OER/ - Hewlett Foundation for Open Education (UK)
- http://www.oercommons.org/ - OER Commons - Open Education information
- http://h2obeta.law.harvard.edu/58404 - h2O Open Education links (Harvard Law)
- http://icommons.org/category/icommons/open-education/ - iCommons CC community
- http://creativecommons.org - Of course.
- http://www.schoolforge.net/ - "SchoolForge's mission is to unify independent organizations that advocate, use, and develop open resources for primary and secondary education."
- Commonwealth of Learning for more info, gleaned from the pages of the Commonwealth of Learning's Website.
- Google search for Open Educational Resources
(1)Unesco 2002 as stated by David Wiley in Opencontent http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/247 visualized in 12/01/2007
(2)OER Grapevine http://oergrapevine.org/OER_projects visualized in 12/01/07
(3)David Wiley in Open Content Wiki in http://opencontent.org/wiki/index.php?title=WhereToFindThingsToRemix visualized in 12/01/2007