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This page has moved to: http://specialeducation.wikia.com/wiki/SPED-Restraint-Resources
Gregorio 19:18, 26 June 2014 (UTC)

Collection of Special Education Links

Reducing the use of Restraint and Seclusion

Regulations, Policies, Forms and Laws


MA Regulations on Restraints
Link to Physical Restraint Report form
PPT done by DOE on restraints
Mental Health Legal Advisors document on rights regarding use of restraint

Other states

DoE Review of laws and regulations in all 50 states from, 2009
Work of Legislative Committe in Maine
Extensive collection of resources put together by people in Maine
Nebraska, Developing School Policies & Procedures for Physical Restraint and Seclusion in Nebraska Schools
Proposed Arizona Legislation
NH Law


Updated How Safe is the School House report covering laws in many states
Federal guidelines and resource document from May, 2012
Review of pending law on restraints in Congress
Disability Scoop Web sites review of Restraint legislation in Congress
Info on pending legislation and links to research
Congressional Research Office report on laws regarding restraints
Great collection of resources from US HHS autism coordinating committee
An Analysis of State Seclusion and Restraint Laws and Policies

Advocacy and News

US Congress group working on restraint and seclusion
Senate Hearings on Keeping Schools Safe Act
Bill Lichtenstein's page of news and resources

Alternatives, Training and Ways to Reduce Restraints

PhD dissertation on how best to train teachers to reduce the use of restraint and seclusion: Dissertation

Postive Behavioral Supports

The primary way to reduce restraints in a school or district is to implement positive behavioral intervention and support (PBIS or PBS) AKA School Wide Positive Behavioral Support (SWPBS).

See: http://www.pbis.org/
Positive Behavioral Support Seclusion and Restraint Policy

One implementation of positive supports is called responsive classrooms.
See: https://www.responsiveclassroom.org/about-responsive-classroom

Functional Behavioral Analysis

The primary way to change problem behavior of a child which may lead to a restraint is called Functional Behavioral Analysis/Assessment (FBA). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_analysis_(psychology)

FBA is sometimes considered part of Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applied_behavior_analysis, an intervention or strategy most commonly used to help children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

An FBA typically results in a behavior intervention plan or behavior support plan. See: http://specialchildren.about.com/od/behavioranddiscipline/g/BIP.htm

There is significant controversy about whether restraint should be included in BIPs or IEPs. IMHO restraint should not be part of either.


Investigation and story about restraints in Lynn from Disabilities Law Center
Keeping Schools Safe for Everyone, report from Oregon
2009 GAO report on SECLUSIONS AND RESTRAINTS Selected Cases of Death and Abuse at Public and Private Schools and Treatment Centers
School is Not Supposed to Hurt report by National Disabilities Rights Network
A report on restraint, seclusion and aversive procedures one year after the passage of the Keeping All Students Safe Act in the U.S. House of Representatives This bill was not passed by the Senate yet. This report includes many distrubng media stories.

US Office of Civil Rights Data collection include incidents of restraint. Data for 2009 is available and 2011-2012 school year data should be available later this year (3/2014).
See: http://ocrdata.ed.gov/ then find the school district, then find discipline and physical restraints.
Office of Civil Rights Discipline Report for 2011-2012
Here's an example: http://ocrdata.ed.gov/Page?t=d&eid=26842&syk=5&pid=372

Info on Mass Restraint Reduction Initiative

This is not the official web site and no representation is made as to the accuracy or source of this information. It's for informational purposes only. Please leave any questions or comments on the discussion section of this page. GS

Looks like all these links below are broken now.

Main page including link to Charter for MA DESE initiative on restraints

Other references to the intiative:
Mention of Initiative in DCF Monthly Newsletter September 2010
Mention in the 2008 Annual Report of the Office of the Child Advocate
Anouncement of initiative starting, February, 2010
Mention of initiative starting in year in review, January, 2010

These documents were previosuly available and are probably still available somewhere. However, they redesigned the web site and I can't find them anymore. Will keep looking...:
DMH Gets Innovation Award for this initiative and another
Mention of data aspects in DCF Monthly Newsletter July, 2010
Mention of the survey and data in DCF Monthly Newsletter May, 2010
Mention of SAMSHA Award for restraint reduction, March 2010
Steering committee agenda from July, 2010
Older Initiative from 2000

Sub-Committee on Training and Support

  • Develops a training and technical support plan for providers and other stakeholders.
  • Develops a compendium of positive behavioral support practice literature.
  • Develops and promotes strategies for helping programs to involve and engage families.

Sub-Committee on Policy and Regulation

  • Reviews policies and regulations of Massachusetts and other states governing behavior management practices and protocols, and family engagement requirements.
  • Makes recommendations on revisions to existing Massachusetts policies and regulations.

Sub-Committee on Data Analysis and Reporting

  • Reviews current systems for collecting relevant data
  • Undertakes preliminary analysis of data and provides high level reports to the Steering Committee.
  • Makes recommendations on indicators/key measures to be collected, analyzed and reported.
  • Makes recommendations on periodicity of reports.

Town policies on restraint

Newton Public Schools Policy on Restraint see Section VIII
Cambridge Public Schools Guidelines: http://www3.cpsd.us/media/theme/Pro-Cambridge/network/10516/media/CPS%20Redesign/documents/Policies/CPS_PhysicalRestraintGuidelines.pdf?rev=0
Cambridge Public Schools Policy: http://www3.cpsd.us/media/theme/Pro-Cambridge/network/10516/media/CPS%20Redesign/documents/Policies/physical_restraint_policy.pdf?rev=0

Other Useful Links

Youth Position Statement on Restraint/Seclusion
Movie about restraints

New links needing to be sorted

http://www.help.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Seclusion%20and%20Restraints%20Final%20Report.pdf Senate Report
http://www.disabilityscoop.com/restraint-seclusion/ Disability Scoop coverage
http://www.nbcnewyork.com/investigations/Children-Disabilities-Time-Out-Rooms-Restraints-New-Jersey-249326291.html Report from NJ

Parents Restraint Working Group


SPED Programs, Cities and Towns

Quincy Improvement plan: http://www.quincypublicschools.com/educators/staff_acad/District%20Improvement%20Plan/PIP%20Program%20Improvement%20Plan/Academic/Judy%20Todd%20-%20%20%20%20%20Academic%202010-2011%20Sped%202011PIP.pdf

Quincy program paths to success PPT: http://www.quincypublicschools.com/educators/staff_acad/District%20Improvement%20Plan/PIP%20Program%20Improvement%20Plan/Academic/Judy%20Todd%20-%20%20%20%20%20Academic%202010-2011%20Sped%202011PIP.pdf

Quincy programs: http://www.quincypublicschools.com/pdf_files/sped/sped%20descript%20bklt.pdf

Newton programs: http://www3.newton.k12.ma.us/sites/default/files/2010-2_1_0.PDF


Newton Public Schools Main Page
Barnstable Public Schools
Boston Public Schools

Tools for creating IEPs

Illinois based tool for choosing Goals, aligning them with standards and creating objectives:
EasyIEP. IEP management software used by school systems:
Listing of goals by content area:

MA State Level SPED links

State regulations for assessment of visual impairment

State Wide Enrollment Data:

More Statewide data by city and town from Boston Glode:

BSEA http://www.doe.mass.edu/bsea/

Synopsis and links to some BSEA decisions

More MA DESE http://www.doe.mass.edu/sped/cc.html

PQA http://www.doe.mass.edu/contact/orgdetail.aspx?orgcode=SPED_SEPP09


Information on the Alternative version of the MCAS: http://www.doe.mass.edu/mcas/alt/

Research on parent involvement in SPED

Clark, R. (2002). Ten hypotheses about what predicts student achievement for African American students and all other students: What the research shows. In W. Allen, M. Spencer, & C. O'Connor (Eds.), Advances in education in diverse communities: Research, policy, and praxis: Vol. 2. African American education: Race, community, inequality and achievement. A tribute to Edgar G. Epps. New York: Elsevier Science.

Coleman, J. S., Campbel~ E., Hobson, C., McPartland, J., Mood, A, Weinfeld, F., et al. (I966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, DC: U.S. Office of Education, National Center for Educational Statistics.

Epstein, J. L., Coates, L., Salinas, K. C., Sanders, M. G., & Simon, B. S. (1997). School, family, and community partnerships: Your handbook for action. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Feinstein, L., & Sabates, R. (2006). Does education have an impact on mothers' educational attitudes and behaviours? (Research briefRCBOI-06). DfES.

Feinstein, L., & Symons, J. (1999). Attainment in secondary school. Oxford Economic Papers, 51,300-321.

Bandlow, L.Z. The Relationship between parental involvement and student achievement in three working class elementary schools. 2009 Doctor of Education Dissertation. Seton Hall University. Downloaded from: http://domapp01.shu.edu/depts/uc/apps/libraryrepository.nsf/resourceid/83B96A59FD5CCC2B852575AF0051F68B/$File/Zickler-Bandlow-Laurie_Doctorate.PDF?Open

Epstein, J.L. DEVELOPING AND SUSTAINING RESEARCH-BASED PROGRAMS OF SCHOOL, FAMILY, AND COMMUNITY PARTNERSHIPS: Summary of Five Years of NNPS Research Spetember 2005. Downloaded from: http://www.csos.jhu.edu/p2000/pdf/Research%20Summary.pdf

An interview with Joyce Epstein: About Parental Involvement. Education News. Nov. 23rd 2005. Downloaded from: http://www.educationnews.org/articles/an-interview-with-joyce-epstein-about-parental-involvement-.html

Pages collected under SPED namespace

Newton Public Schools
Barnstable Public Schools
Boston Public Schools
Northampton Public Schools
Main page