# XO Korea/Core Ideas

## Core Ideas

**환영합니다 | Portal | XO Korea | Deployment | Content | Hardware | Software | Mesh Network | Ethics | LOS | XO City | Accreditation | Consortium**

The table below is for Korea to measure economic achievements after adopting OLPC and its variations by the entire nation, but *will be* somewhat different from ordinary tables to measure national competitiveness.

Our goal to economic progress via deploying OLPC is to achieve **sustainable welfare** rather than **sustainable growth.** The current consumption and welfare of the USA citizens is NOT **sustainable welfare** not to mention of **sustainable growth.** Why?
Imagine what the world will be if Chinese also come to enjoy the same consumption level as the USA.

Imagine what the world will be if the entire citizens in developing nations also come to enjoy the same consumption level as the USA.

Is it a sustainable consumption? or should most citizens in developing nations remain at the current consumption levels and starvation?

Not only Linux and Windows source code, but our civilization itself are too fat, needing some diet. Our goal is clear; to reach **sustainable consumption** rather than that sustainable only on deprived opportunities of developing nations.

OLPC is our motto. Billions of XO can be consumed by the entire world without destroying the earth or depriving the opportunities of others.

We are now modifying some items in the *National Competitiveness* Table produced by World Bank to measure progresses in **Sustainable Welfare**; Welfare not standing on the deprived opportunities of other nations.

# Economic Performance - Domestic Economy

## (1 ~ 11) Size, (12 ~ 18) Growth, (19 ~ 24) Wealth, (25 ~ 28) Forecasts

### Gross domestic product (GDP):: US$ billions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### GDP (PPP) Estimates; US$ billions at purchasing power parity

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### Private final consumption expenditure:: US$ billions

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### Private final consumption expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Government final consumption expenditure:: US$ billions

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### Government final consumption expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

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### Gross domestic investment:: US$ billions

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### Gross domestic investment:: Percentage of GDP

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### Gross domestic savings:: US$ billions

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### Gross domestic savings:: Percentage of GDP

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### Economic sectors:: Breakdown as a percentage of GDP

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### Real GDP Growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

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### Real GDP Growth per capita:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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### Private final consumption expenditure - real growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Government final consumption expenditure - real:: growth Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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### Gross domestic investment - real:: growth Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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### Gross domestic savings - real:: growth Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

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### Resilience of the economy:: Resilience of the economy to economic cyclesis strong

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### GDP per capita:: US$ per capita

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### GDP (PPP) per capita:: Estimates; US$ per capita at purchasing power parity

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### Private final consumption expenditure per capita:: US$ per capita

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### Government final consumption expenditure per capita:: US$ per capita

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### Gross domestic investment per capita:: US$ per capita

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### Gross domestic savings per capita:: US$ per capita

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### Forecast:: Real GDP Growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

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### Forecast:: Inflation:: Percentage change

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### Forecast:: Unemployment:: Percentage of total labor force

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### 28 Forecast:: Current account balance:: Percentage of GDP/GNP

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## International Trade

### Current account balance:: US$ billions (minus sign = deficit)

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### Current account balance:: Percentage of GDP

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### Balance of trade:: US$ billions (minus sign = deficit)

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### Balance of trade:: Percentage of GDP

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### Balance of commercial services:: US$ billions (minus sign = deficit)

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### Balance of commercial services:: Percentage of GDP

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### Exports of goods:: US$ billions

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### Exports of goods:: Percentage of GDP

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### Exports of goods - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

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### Exports of commercial services:: US$ billions

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### Exports of commercial services:: Percentage of GDP

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### Exports of commercial services - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

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### Exports breakdown by economic sector:: Percentage of total exports

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### Imports of goods & commercial services:: US$ billions

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### Imports of goods & commercial services:: Percentage of GDP

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### Imports of goods & commercial services - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

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### Imports breakdown by economic sector:: Percentage of total imports

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### Trade to GDP ratio:: (Exports = Imports) / (2 x GDP)

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### Terms of trade index:: Unit value of exports over unit value of imports (2000 = 100)

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### Tourism receipts:: International tourism receipts as a percentage of GDP

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## International Investment: (1 ~ 15) Investment, (16 ~ 17) Finance

### Direct investment flows abroad:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment flows abroad:: Percentage of GDP

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### Direct investment stocks abroad:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment stocks abroad - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

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### Direct investment flows inward:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment flows inward:: Percentage of GDP

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### Direct investment stocks inward:: US$ billions

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### Direct investment stocks inward - real growth:: Percentage change based on US$ values

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### Balance of direct investment flows:: US$ billions (flows abroad minus flows inward)

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### Balance of direct investment flows:: Percentage of GDP (flows abroad minus flows inward)

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### Net position in direct investment stocks:: US$ billions (stocks abroad minus stocks inward)

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### Net position in direct investment stocks:: Percentage of GDP (stocks abroad minus stocks inward)

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### Relocation threats of production:: Relocation of production is not a threat to the future of your economy

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### Relocation threats of R&D facilities:: Relocation of R&D facilities is not a threat to the future of your economy

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### Relocation threats of services:: Relocation of services is not a threat to the future of your economy

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### Portfolio investment assets:: US$ billions

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### Portfolio investment liabilities:: US$ billions

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## Employment

### Employment:: Total employment in millions

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### Employment:: Percentage of population

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### Employment - growth:: Estimates:: percentage change

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### Employment by sector:: Percentage of total employment

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### Employment in the public sector:: Percentage of total employment

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### Unemployment rate:: Percentage of labor force

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### Long-term unemployment:: Percentage of labor force

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### Youth unemployment:: Percentage of labor force

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## Prices

### Consumer price inflation:: Average annual rate

- Year 2006
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### Cost-of-living index:: Index of basket of goods & services in major cities, excluding housing. New York City=100

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### Apartment rent:: 3-room apartment monthly rent in major cities, US$

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### Office rent:: Total occupation cost (US$/Sq.M per year)

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# Government Efficiency

## Public Finance

### Government budget surplus/deficit:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
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### Government budget surplus/deficit:: Percentage of GDP

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### Total general government debt:: US$ billions

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### Total general government debt:: Percentage of GDP

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### Total general government debt - real growth:: Percentage change, based on national currency in constant prices

- Year 2006
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### Central government domestic debt:: Percentage of GDP

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### Central government foreign debt:: Percentage of GDP

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### Interest payment:: Percentage of current revenue

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### Management of public finances:: Management of public finances over the next two years is likely to improve

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### Total reserves:: Including gold and official reserves (gold = SDR 35 per ounce)

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### General government expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

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## Fiscal Policy

### Collected total tax revenues:: Percentage of GDP

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### Collected personal income tax:: On profits, income and capital gains, as a percentage of GDP

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### Collected corporate taxes:: On profits, income and capital gains, as a percentage of GDP

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### Collected indirect tax revenues:: Taxes on goods and services as a percentage of GDP

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### Collected capital and property taxes:: Percentage of GDP

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### Collected social security contribution:: Compulsory contribution of employees and employers as a percentage of GDP

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### Effective personal income tax rate:: Percentage of an income equal to GDP per capita

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### Corporate tax rate on profit:: Maximum tax rate, calculated on profit before tax

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### Consumption tax rate:: Standard rate of VAT / GST

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### EmployeeRs social security contribution rate:: Compulsory contribution as a percentage of an income equal to GDP per capita

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### EmployerRs social security contribution rate:: Compulsory contribution as a percentage of an income equal to GDP per capita

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### Real personal taxes:: Real personal taxes do not discourage people from working or seeking advancement

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### Real corporate taxes:: Real corporate taxes do not discourage entrepreneurial activity

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### Tax evasion:: Tax evasion does not hamper business activity

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## Institutional Framework - (1 ~ 7) Central Bank, (8 ~ 16) State Efficiency

### Real short-term interest rate:: Real discount / bank rate

- Year 2006
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### Cost of capital:: Cost of capital encourages business development

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### Interest rate spread:: Lending rate minus deposit rate

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### Country credit rating:: Rating on a scale of 0-100 assessed by the Institutional Investor Magazine ranking

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### Central bank policy:: Central bank policy has a positive impact on economic development

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### Exchange rate policy:: Exchange rate policy supports the competitiveness of enterprises

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### Exchange rate stability:: Parity change from national currency to SDR, 2005/2003

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### Policy direction of the government:: Policy direction of the government is consistent

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### Legal and regulatory framework:: The legal and regulatory framework encourages the competitiveness of enterprises

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### Adaptability of government policy:: Adaptability of government policy to changes in the economy is high

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### Government decisions:: Government decisions are effectively implemented

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### Political parties:: Political parties do understand today's economic challenges

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### Transparency:: Transparency of government policy is satisfactory

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### Public service:: The public service is independent from political interference

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### Bureaucracy:: Bureaucracy does not hinder business activity

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### Bribing and corruption:: Bribing and corruption do not exist in your economy

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## Business Legislation - (1 ~ 7) openness, (8 ~ 17) Competition and Regulations, (18 ~ 20) Labor Regulations

### Customs' authorities:: Customs' authorities do facilitate the efficient transit of goods

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### Protectionism:: Protectionism does not impair the conduct of your business

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### Public sector contracts:: Public sector contracts are sufficiently open to foreign bidders

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### International transactions:: International transactions can be freely negotiated with foreign partners

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### Foreign investors:: Foreign investors are free to acquire control in domestic companies

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### Access to capital markets:: Access to capital markets (foreign and domestic) is easily available

- Year 2006
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### Investment incentives:: Investment incentives are attractive to foreign investors

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### Government subsidies:: To private and public companies as a percentage of GDP

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### Subsidies:: Subsidies do not distort fair competition and economic development

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### Competition legislation:: Competition legislation is efficient in preventing unfair competition

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### Product and service:: legislation Product and service legislation does not deter business activity

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### Price controls:: Price controls do not affect pricing of products in most industries

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### Parallel economy:: Parallel (black-market, unrecorded) economy does not impair economic development

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### Regulation intensity:: Regulation intensity does not restrain the ability of companies to compete

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### Ease of doing business:: Ease of doing business is prevalent in your economy

- Year 2006
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### Creation of firms:: Creation of firms is supported by legislation

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### Start-up days:: Number of days to start a business

- Year 2006
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### Labor regulations:: Labor regulations (hiring/firing practices,etc.) do not hinder business activities

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Unemployment:: legislation Unemployment legislation provides an incentive to look for work

- Year 2006
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- Year 2010

### Immigration laws:: Immigration laws do not prevent your company from employing foreign labor

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## Societal Framework

### Justice:: Justice is fairly administered

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### Personal security and private property:: Personal security and private property are adequately protected

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### Risk of political instability:: The risk of political is very low

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### Social cohesion:: Social cohesion is a priority for the government

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### Income distribution - lowest 20%:: Percentage of household incomes going to lowest 20% of households

- Year 2006
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### Income distribution - highest 20%:: Percentage of household incomes going to highest 20% of households

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### Discrimination:: Discrimination (race, gender, etc.) does not pose a handicap in society

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### Females in parliament:: Percentage of total seats in Parliament

- Year 2006
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### Female positions:: Percentage of total legislators, senior officials and managers

- Year 2006
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### Gender income ratio:: Ratio of estimated female to male earned income globally

- Year 2006
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### Harassment Harassment (unethical behaviour, etc.) does not disturb the work environment

- Year 2006
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# Business Efficiency

## Productivity and Efficiency

### Overall productivity (PPP):: Estimates:: GDP (PPP) per person employed, US$

- Year 2006
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### Overall productivity:: GDP per person employed, US$

- Year 2006
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### Overall productivity - real growth:: Estimates:: Percentage change of real GDP per person employed

- Year 2006
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### Labor productivity (PPP):: Estimates:: GDP (PPP) per person employed per hour, US$

- Year 2006
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### Agricultural productivity (PPP):: Estimates:: Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in agriculture, US$

- Year 2006
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### Productivity in industry (PPP):: Estimates:: Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in industry, US$

- Year 2006
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### Productivity in services (PPP):: Estimates:: Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in services, US$

- Year 2006
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### Large corporations:: Large corporations are efficient by international standards

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### Small and medium-size enterprises:: Small and medium-size enterprises are efficient by international standards

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## Labor Market - ( ~ ) Costs, (~ ) Relations, ( ~ ) Availability of Skills

### Compensation levels:: Estimates:: Total hourly compensation for manufacturing workers, US$

- Year 2006
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### Unit labor costs in the manufacturing sector:: Percentage change

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### Remuneration in services professions:: Gross annual income including supplements such as bonuses, in US$

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### Remuneration of management:: Total base salary plus bonuses and long-term incentives, US$

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### Working hours:: Average number of working hours per year

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### Labor relations:: Labor relations are generally productive

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### Worker motivation:: Worker motivation is high in your economy

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### Industrial disputes:: Working days lost per 1,000 inhabitants per year (Average)

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### Employee training:: Employee training is a high priority in companies

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### Labor force:: Employed and registered unemployed

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### Labor force:: Percentage of population

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### Labor force growth:: Percentage change

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### Part-time employment:: Percentage of total employment

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### Female labor force:: Percentage of total labor force

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### Foreign labor force:: Percentage of total labor force

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### Skilled labor:: Skilled labor is readily available

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### Finance skills:: Finance skills are readily available

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### Brain drain:: Brain drain does not hinder competitiveness in your economy

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### Foreign high-skilled people:: Foreign high-skilled people are attracted by the business environment of your economy

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### International experience:: International experience of senior managers is generally significant

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### Competent senior managers:: Competent senior managers are readily available

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## Finance- ( ~ ) Bank Efficiency, ( ~ ) Stock Market Efficiency, ( ~ ) Finance Management

### Banking sector assets:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
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### Credit:: Creditf lows easily from banks to businesses

- Year 2006
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### Number of credit cards issued:: Per capita

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### Credit card transactions:: Number of transactions per capita

- Year 2006
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### Investment risk:: Euromoney country credit-worthiness scale from 0-100

- Year 2006
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### Venture capital:: Venture capital is easily available for business development

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### Banking and financial services:: Banking and financial services do support business activities efficiently

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- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Retail banking:: Population /number of bank offices

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Banking regulation:: Banking regulation does not hinder business development

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Stock markets:: Stock markets provide adequate financing to companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Stock market capitalization:: US$ billions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Stock market capitalization:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Value traded on stock markets:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Listed domestic companies:: Number of listed domestic companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Stock market index:: Percentage change on index in national currency

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Financial institutions' transparency:: Financial institutions' transparency is sufficiently implemented

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Cash flow:: Cash flow is generally sufficient to allow companies to self-finance

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Corporate debt:: Corporate debt does not restrain the ability of enterprises to compete

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Factoring:: Percentage of merchandise exports

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

## Management Practices

### Adaptability of companies:: Adaptability of companies to market changes is high

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Ethical practices:: Ethical practices are implemented in companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Credibility of managers:: Credibility of managers is prevalent in business

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Corporate boards:: Corporate boards do supervise the management of companies effectively

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Auditing and accounting practices:: Auditing and accounting practices are adequately implemented in business

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Customer satisfaction:: Customer satisfaction is emphasized in companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Entrepreneurship:: Entrepreneurship of managers is widespread in business

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Marketing:: Marketing is conducted efficiently by enterprises

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Social responsibility:: Social responsibility of business leaders is high towards society

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Health, safety & environmental concerns:: Health, safety & environmental concerns are adequately addressed by management

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

## Attitudes and Values

### Attitudes toward globalization:: Attitudes toward globalization are generally positive in your economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Image abroad:: The image abroad of your country/region encourages business development

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### National culture:: The national culture is open to foreign ideas

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Flexibility and adaptability:: Flexibility and adaptability of people in your economy are high when faced with new challenges

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Need for economic and social reforms:: The need for economic and social reforms is generally understood by people in your society

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Values of society:: Values of society support competitiveness

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Corporate values:: Corporate values take into account the values of employees

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

# Infrastructure

## Basic Infrastructure

### Land area:: Square kilometers ('000)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Arable area:: Square meters per capita

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Urbanization:: Urbanization of cities does not drain economic resources

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Population - market size:: Estimates in millions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Population under years:: Percentage of total population

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Population over 65 years:: Percentage of total population

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Dependency ratio:: Population under 15 and over 64 years old, divided by active population (15 to 64 years)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Roads:: Density of the network

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Railroads:: Density of the network

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Air transportation:: Number of passengers carried by main companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Quality of air transportation:: Quality of air transportation encourages business development in your economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Distribution infrastructure:: The distribution infrastructure of goods and services is generally efficient

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Water transportation:: Water transportation (harbors, canals, etc.) meets business requirements

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Maintenance and development:: Maintenance and development of infrastructure are adequately planned and financed

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Energy infrastructure:: Energy infrastructure is adequate and efficient in your economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total indigenous energy production:: Millions MTOE

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total indigenous energy production per capita:: Millions MTOE per capita

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total indigenous energy production:: Percentage of total requirements in tons of oil equivalent

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total final energy consumption:: Millions MTOE

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total final energy consumption per capita:: Millions MTOE per capita

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Energy intensity:: Commercial energy consumed for each dollar of GDP in kilojoules

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Electricity costs for industrial clients:: US$ per kwh

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

## Technological Infrastructure

### Investment in telecommunications:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Fixed telephone lines:: Number of main lines per 1000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### International fixed telephone costs:: US$ per 3 minutes in peak hours to USA (for USA to Europe)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Mobile telephone subscribers:: Number of subscribers per 1000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Mobile telephone costs:: US$ per 3 minutes in peak hours (local)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Communications technology:: Communications technology (voice and data) meets business requirements

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Computers per capita:: Number of computers per 1000 people / Source:: Computer Industry Almanac

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Internet users:: Number of internet users per 1000 people / Source:: Computer Industry Almanac

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Internet costs:: Cost for hours dial-up per month, US$

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Broadband subscribers:: Number of subscribers per 1000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Broadband costs:: US$ per 100 kbits/s per month

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Information technology skills:: Information technology skills are readily available

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Technological cooperation:: Technological cooperation is developed between companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Development and application of technology:: Development and application of technology are supported by the legal environment

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Funding for technological development:: Funding for technological development is generally sufficient

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Technological regulation:: Technological regulation supports business development and innovation

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### High-tech exports:: US$ millions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### High-tech exports:: Percentage of manufactured exports

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Cyber security:: Cyber security is being adequately addressed by corporations

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

## Scientific Infrastructure

### Total expenditure on R&D:: US$ millions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total expenditure on R&D:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total expenditure on R&D per capita:: US$ per capita

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Business expenditure on R&D:: US$ millions

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Business expenditure on R&D:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total R&D personnel nationwide:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total R&D personnel nationwide per capita:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE) per 1000 people

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total R&D personnel in business enterprise:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Total R&D personnel in business per capita:: Full-time work equivalent (FTE) per1000 people

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Basic research:: Basic research does enhance long-term economic development

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Science degrees:: Percentage of total first university degrees in science and engineering

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Scientific articles:: Scientific articles published by origin of author

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Science in schools:: Science in schools is sufficiently emphasized

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Youth interest in science:: Youth interest in science is strong

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Nobel prizes:: Awarded in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine and economics since 1950

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Nobel prizes per capita:: Awarded in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine and economics since 1950 per mio people

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Patents granted to residents:: Number of patents granted to residents (average 2001 - 2003)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Securing patents abroad:: Number of patents secured abroad by country residents

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Intellectual property rights:: Intellectual property rights are adequately enforced

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Number of patents in force:: Per 100,000 inhabitants

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Patent productivity:: Patents granted to residents / R&D personnel in business ('000s)

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Legal environment:: The legal environment supports scientific research

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

## Health and Environment

### Total health expenditure:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Public expenditure on health:: Percentage of total health expenditure

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Health infrastructure:: Health infrastructure meets the needs of society

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Life expectancy at birth:: Average estimate

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Healthy life expectancy:: Average estimate

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Medical assistance:: Number of inhabitants per physician and per nurse

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Urban population:: Percentage of total population

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Human development index:: Combines economic - social - educational indicators / Source:: Human Development Report

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Health problems (AIDS, alcohol, drug abuse, etc.):: Health problems (AIDS, alcohol, etc.) do not have a significant impact on companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Paper and cardboard recycling rate:: Percentage of apparent consumption

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Waste water treatment plants:: Percentage of population served

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Carbon dioxide emissions:: CO2 emissions in metric tons per one million US$ of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Ecological footprint:: Area units per person, hectares of biologically productive space

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Sustainable development:: Sustainable development is a priority in companies

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Pollution problems:: Pollution problems do not seriously affect your economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Environmental laws:: Environmental laws and compliance do not hinder the competitiveness of businesses

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Quality of life:: Quality of life is high

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

## Education

### Total public expenditure on education:: Percentage of GDP

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Pupil-teacher ratio (primary education):: Ratio of students to teaching staff

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Pupil-teacher ratio (secondary education):: Ratio of students to teaching staff

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Secondary school enrollment:: Percentage of relevant age group receiving full-time education

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Higher education achievement:: Percentage of population that has attained at least tertiary education for persons 25 -34

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Educational assessment:: PISA survey of 15-year olds

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Educational system:: The educational system meets the needs of a competitive economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### University education:: University education meets the needs of a competitive economy

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Illiteracy:: Adult (over years) illiteracy rate as a percentage of population

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Economic literacy:: Economic literacy is generally high among the population

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Education in finance:: Education in finance does meet the needs of enterprises

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Language skills:: Language skills are meeting the needs of enterprises

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Qualified engineers:: Qualified engineers are available in your labor market

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

### Knowledge transfer:: Knowledge transfer is highly developed between companies and universities

- Year 2006
- Year 2007
- Year 2008
- Year 2009
- Year 2010

It's hard and subtle task to measure political advances of a specific nation. However, we dare measure that of Korea.

Because Korea has experienced several extremely different political environments comparatively in a short period, we think Korea is a good model for children to learn how people is changing their own social environments, particularly a national decision making system.

It seems unrealistic for developing nations to have a democracy system like that of the USA or Swiss in a near future, saying 10~20 years. They are too far to reach for those nations. But, how about Korea? It was one of those developing nations, and is an acceptable goal for them. Korea had been under several military dictatorships just until 20 years ago, and now shows a democracy system, maybe a world best.

XO Korea is now constructing a table to measure political achievements or advances like that of economical ones. The table and methodology will be posted here soon.

OLPC is not just an educational project, but a collaborative one: even that on open source. So, OLPC is, at its core, a cultural movement; helping each other rather than stand-alone personal achievement, open rather than closed, and creativity rather than training. If OLPC surely is a cultural project, XO Korea is localizing it and establishing an OLPC-like culture; thin, small, and fast.

### From educational aspects: learn learning, not training

Current educational systems in Korea is to train children for future labor forces of which role was set about 250 years ago when the Industrialization Age began in England. As discussed in detail at XO Korea/core ideas/economics, the role is no more valid. As excavators have displaced enormous shovel based labors, uniform labors for mass production and for standardized managements also are being displaced by various IT-driven technologies. In Korea, the educational model of memorizing as much as possible, and of being trained to follow orders has been very effective to production systems depending on simple and intensive labor forces for last 30~50 years. But, it isn't anymore.

XO Korea will present children with all details about the changes in labor and economic environments of Korea, and with what Korea is pursuing.

All details about changing the role of schools in Korea will be described here.

### From political aspects: direct democracy, not indirect one

Because there can't be direct democracy or decision-making system available until now, the indirect democracy based on parliaments, administration, and justice system have been used as an alternate one.

Now, with OLPC, XO Korea hopes to establish direct democracy system, every citizen participating in every social decision via XO and Korean Mesh Network.

All details about creating a direct democracy system in Korea will be described here.

### From economic aspects: sustainable welfare, not growth-oriented

It's clear that the USA can't be a *TO BE* model of currently *developing nations*. If some (even not all) of those developing nations become to enjoy USA-like production and consumption lives, the earth will be totally destroyed. We should dig the earth to the core to obtain raw materials to produce 1.5 billion automobiles for Chinese only.

Therefore, it's clear. Current developing nations *Can Not* and *Should Not* be developed. What an irony it is!!

We need some new development model, and have fortunately found it; OLPC. XO and Sugar can be utilized by all people on the earth without destroying the earth. We need OLPC-like business entities, governmental organizations, and cultures.

All details about creating a sustainable developing model in Korea will be described here.

### Government: small on the web, not large in buildings

Like computing business, the government of Korea also is expanding day to day, with currently 1 million employees and about USD 2,380 billions' budget in 2007'. We think only a third of it is really necessary, and may two third are expenses just to manage the former 1/3.

Through OLPC-like reforming the Korean government, we hope to reduce the governmental budget to 1/3 of the current till year 2010. Open sourcing is the core of this reformation, and XO Korea will disclose all details of these reformation processes to provide learning materials to worldwide children and citizens and to attract their participation.

All details about establishing a web based government model in Korea will be described here.

### Schools: for collaboration, not training

Schools are key of the current educational system all over the world; its birth, growth, and expansion having been with those of the Industrialization. Yes, schools are for industrialization; mass production and mass consumption.

However, the current mass production systems of the USA and Western nations are only possible under the condition of developing nations NOT having the same mass production system. If not, the entire resources in the earth will be eaten at one gulp; rather than in bite by bite of current developed nations. So, it's apparent that we need a new school system for children to learn both sustainable consumption and IT based content.

Ordinary children begin their educational tour at the age of 7, which is a heritage of the Industrialization Age. Is it still valid for Korean children who are much taller and brighter than 100 years ago? For our opinion, *not at all*.

- XO Korea hopes that children start regular education at the age of 4 to 5.

Our current school system is based on school years - k12. However, every child has different interests and intellectual capabilities. Is it valid to keep fixed stone-like school years? For our opinion, *not at all*.

- XO Korea pursues a school system without school years - k0.

Isn't it desirable for children to select their own interests rather than to be *given* by the school administration? If desirable, why not attempt it? Because there is no reason not to do so;

- XO Korea will provide children an Open Curricula, where anyone can compose his/her own learning subjects.

If education is to produce future labor forces, to stimulate creativities, and to nurture lives of people, then why not integrate school system, industry, and research system all in one? We know those separate systems are resulted from the social divisions of labor, stimulated by the birth of machine-based production system about 250 years ago. But, now, we are living in the totally new age, linked and collaborate each other via Global Mesh Network XO Korea is now prototyping a 3-to-1 integrated model; School, Industry, and Research, or even 4-to-1 including Home.