Checking the Layout configuration

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Check the Internationalization File

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Customizing NAND images. (Discuss)


  • In a terminal, type: cat /home/olpc/.i18n
  • The i18n file will look something like:
    LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
  • Usually, LANG="{two letter ISO language code}_{two letter ISO country code}.UTF-8". The country code is only used if there are multiple countries with that language. Use locale -a for a complete list of legal values country codes

See Olpc-utils for implementation details.

Check the keyboard mappings

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Customizing NAND images. (Discuss)


  • In a terminal, type: cat /etc/sysconfig/keyboard
  • The keyboard file will look something like:
    KEYTABLE="us"
    XKB_MODEL="olpc"
    XKB_LAYOUT="us"
    XKB_VARIANT="olpc"
  • The XKB_LAYOUT="{two letter ISO country code} is the two letter country code of the laptop. country codes
  • Changing this will change the keyboard mapping that the laptop uses.
  • The KEYTABLE is the keymap for the Linux text console. It supports fewer keyboards than X11. The complete list is in /lib/kbd/keymaps.
  • You can create a file /home/olpc/.kbd with per-user overrides of the system defaults.

See Olpc-utils for implementation details.



The following procedures are only applicable to laptops that have developer keys (Please see Activation and Developer Keys).

Check the manufacturing Data

(information that comes with the laptop, and should state what language it should be in)

  • Boot into the ok prompt
  • type: .mfg-data
  • next to LA should be the code for the three letter country code of the laptop

Changing mfg data (with q2c27a only)

You can't easily do this with the firmware we make available to the public, though the tag editing page does explain how.

  1. Install special firmware
  2. Reboot holding the X game button and then hit escape to get to the OK prompt
  3. Type 'change-tag TN <value string>' where TN is the two letter tag and value string is the new value
 Example: change-tag LA RUS
  (changes the laptop to russian)
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