# User:Sj/Curricula

Curricula and courses of instruction are handled differently in different countries, communities, and at different levels of education.

## Curricular reform

Many countries have embarked on programs of c. reform in an effort to improve or 'modernize' their educational systems.

Guatemala

• Developed their own primary math and language/literacy texts. Just two texts for primary school, from which everyone can be taught; an improvement on what is there now. Worked with help from Japan; the government owns the copyright to the results.

US unis

• Often focusing on "coherence and integrity", "foundational elements" covering [[#humanities|]], [[#arts|]], and [[#social science|]].
• Variety of opinion; self-conscious about systemic bias (but rarely able to address this comprehensively; so addressed within specific guidelines)

## By topic

### Perception

• Identifying objects. Borders. Shapes, 2d & 3d. Colors. not like the others.
triangles, rectangles, ovals, cuboids, pyramids, spheres, cylinders, polyhedra
angles, length, capacity/volume, time, weight
• Equivalence classes: lists, clusters, classification

### Math

• Counting, place value
• Decimals, fractions, number line.
• Multiplication, division. Ratio/%, proportion.
• Basic probability.
• Simple word problems, visual puzzles
Intro to the 'why' of math: how it is helpful

### Science

• Senses: temperature, light, weather, seasons, sound.
• Flora & fauna: names, classes, sounds, smells, colors
• The body: parts, pulse, movement
• Materials: solids & liquids
• Abstraction: Earth and sky; terms & concepts
• Measurement: properties of materials, plant & animal life cycles
dissolving, melting, boiling, condensing, freezing, evaporation; water cycle
• Basic electricity & magnets (observation)
• Physics: gravity, friction, resistance, vibration
• Astronomy: day & night, shadows & seasons, stars & sun & moon

#### Health, Physical science

• Basic anatomy, medicine, nutrition, health
• Exercise, diet, drugs, tooth/skin/hair care