XO 1.75 A1


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XO-1.75 Laptop Alpha test model, also known as A-test or A1.



The A1 was the first prototype of the XO-1.75 built. The A1 bring up happened in late October 2010.

The number of boards obtained was small, and distribution was limited to hardware testing and OFW and Linux kernel driver development.

The A1 is now deprecated.


  • Bare circuit board, no case or display
  • Bare die MMP2 packaging
  • Rev. A motherboard


Software Support

  • The current EC Firmware release is 0.1.6. No later release in the series supports the A1.
  • The current Open Firmware release is Q4A07. No later release in the Q4A series supports the A1. (XO-1.75 use Q4xxx Open Firmware releases. These will not work on an XO-1 or XO-1.5. For the first time, Open Firmware and the EC firmware is separate.)

It is strongly recommended that you have two sources of power (a charged battery and an external power source) when you upgrade your EC or Open Firmware. Failure to do so may require the use of an SPI programmer to recover your laptop.

Upgrading the EC code

Using Open Firmware on the host

  • requires 0.1.5 or 0.1.6,
  • requires Q4A07,
ok wifi name
ok flash-ec http:\\dev.laptop.org\pub\ec\cl2-0_1_6.img
Reading http:\\dev.laptop.org\pub\ec\cl2-0_1_6.img
Scan for: name found
Associate with: name 
DHCP got 
EC firmware verison: XO-EC 3 0.1.6 2010/12/08-19:06
Erasing ...

Writing ...
Verifying ...

Board powers down at this point due to EC restart. Power up manually.

Using SPI programmer

  • not described

Using EC serial port

  • not described

Upgrading OFW

Place a recent release of the Q4XYY firmware onto an SD device, and place it in the external SD slot.

Interrupt the OFW boot process by pressing the ESC key.

Type (assuming a q4a07 release):

 flash ext:\q4a07.rom

Note: If upgrading from an unofficial Q4A04 release, the "int" and "ext" SD cards may be switched.

Reboot by holding down the power button once this is completed.

Using JTAG

If using JTAG to upgrade OFW, the CForth image begins at offset 0x2000 of the .rom file, and is of size 0x1e000. OFW is the rest of the .rom file, starting from offset 0x20000.

Upgrading Linux

Installing from Open Firmware

You will need the .zd version of the OS image. Download it, then:

  1. Place the image on an SD card, and insert it into the XO-1.75 laptop's external SD slot.
  2. Get the Ok prompt,
  3. Install onto the internal SD card, type:
fs-update ext:\os1.zd

Installing from Linux using an XO-1.5

To install on an XO-1.5, boot an XO-1.5 to Linux, insert the SD card in the XO-1.5 external slot, then:

zcat os1.img.gz > /dev/mmcblk1

... and then power down, remove the SD card, and insert in the XO-1.75.

Installing from Open Firmware using an XO-1.5

You will need the .zd version of the OS image. Download it, then:

  1. Place the image on a USB stick, and insert it into the XO-1.5 laptop's USB port.
  2. Get the Ok prompt,
  3. To install onto the internal SD card, type:
fs-update u:\os1.zd

To install an image onto the external SD card, you need to type:

devalias fsdisk ext:0
fs-update u:\os1.zd

... and then power down, remove the SD card, and insert it in the XO-1.75.


There is a list of recommended modifications (ECOs).

Despite the lack of any heat sink at this time, we haven't seen any overheating even in closed units.

Audio Inputs

The audio inputs are messed up. The internal microphone is wired to one channel, and one channel of the external microphone is wired to the other. Despite this, if the microphone is rewired the audio sounds pretty good (using Q4A05 or greater, type "test /audio").

Video Display

The video display is wired incorrectly, giving a pink hue to the video. It grows on you after a while...

There is no good "software cure" for this. At best, a complicated gamma table could minimize the wiring to completely fix the problem (using the unused LSB to contain the actual MSB, wiring it into place). The software team is lobbying for the bits to be manually shifted (6 wires, across pads that are 0.5mm apart!). While this is painful, it appears that it will be the accepted solution to "life through rosy lenses".

SD Flakiness

Versions of OFW up to Q4A05 operate the SD interfaces at 25 MHz unless it is told otherwise:

dev /sd false to avoid-high-speed? dend

Starting with Q4A05A (private release), operation of SD interfaces at 50 MHz is supported.

There are still some problems (#10457) on some motherboards.


Still doesn't work (reliably/at all)


Supporting documentation for these boards (all in PDF):

Please note that production boards will likely have different pin mappings and connector locations.

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