XO 4 C2

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XO-4 Touch Laptop production model, also known as C-test 2 or C2.

Description

The C2 was the model of XO-4 Touch put into production. The XO-4 C2 production ramp happened at the end of Feb., 2013. Most C2 units are XO-4 Touch, having multi-touch touchscreens using touchscreen technology from Neonode, while some are simply XO-4, a slightly lower cost alternative.

Identification

  • Four bumps (arranged in a diamond shape) on the Hinge Cover
    XO-4 Hinge Cover
    .
  • Rev. E motherboard
  • Touchscreen units have a slightly recessed screen, with a narrow (1 mm) black stripe between the gray bezel and the display.

C2 laptops will be produced with a variety of keyboard, memory, eMMC storage, language, and other options. A SKU is assigned to a particular set of options, and identified in the battery compartment.

Photographs:

Actually an A2 motherboard. Changes are minor, however. To be updated when new motherboards become available.

Software Support

XO-4 Block Diagram
  • The current Open Firmware release is Q7B37.
    • This will not work on an XO-1, XO-1.5, or XO-1.75. As with XO-1.75, Open Firmware and the EC firmware are separate --- Open Firmware contains a recent version of the EC firmware and will automatically update an older version given two sources of power, but a more recent version may actually be programmed into the EC.
  • The current EC Firmware release is 7.0.4.11.

It is strongly recommended that you have two sources of power (a charged battery and an external power source) when you upgrade your EC or Open Firmware. Failure to do so may require the use of an SPI programmer to recover your laptop.

Upgrading the EC code

Using Open Firmware and WiFi

  • requires Q7B01 or later
ok wifi name
ok flash-ec http:\\dev.laptop.org\pub\ec\cl4-7_0_4_11.img
Reading http:\\dev.laptop.org\pub\ec\cl4-7_0_4_11.img
Scan for: name found
Associate with: name 
DHCP got 10.0.0.170 
EC firmware verison: XO-EC 7 0.4.11
Erasing ...

Writing ...
fff0 
Verifying ...
fff0

Board powers down at this point due to EC restart. Power up manually.

Using Open Firmware

  • requires Q7B01 or later

Place the EC firmware on a USB key and type:

ok flash-ec u:firmware-name
EC firmware verison: XO-EC 7 0.2.01
Erasing ...

Writing ...
fff0 
Verifying ...
fff0

Board powers down at this point due to EC restart. Power up manually.

Upgrading OFW

Using a USB Stick

Place a recent release of the Q7XYY firmware onto a USB stick, and place it in one of the laptops USB ports. Provide external power to the laptop.

Interrupt the OFW boot process by pressing the ESC key.

Type (assuming a q7b02 release):

 flash u:\q7b02.rom

Reboot by holding down the power button once this is completed.

Using an SD Card

Place a recent release of the Q7XYY firmware onto an SD device, and place it in the external SD slot. Provide external power to the laptop.

Interrupt the OFW boot process by pressing the ESC key.

Type (assuming a q7b02 release):

 flash ext:\q7b02.rom

Reboot by holding down the power button once this is completed.

See SPI Flash Recovery using JTAG if necessary.

Upgrading Linux

Installing from Open Firmware

You will need the .zd version of the OS image. Download it, then:

  1. Place the image on a USB stick, and insert it into the XO-4 laptop's external SD slot.
  2. Get the Ok prompt,
  3. Install onto the internal SD card, type:
fs-update u:os1.zd

Installing from Linux using an XO-1.75

To install on an XO-1.75, boot an XO-1.75 to Linux, insert the SD card in the XO-1.75 external slot, then:

zcat os1.img.gz > /dev/mmcblk1

... and then power down, remove the SD card, and insert in the XO-4.

Installing from Open Firmware using an XO-1.75

You will need the .zd version of the OS image. Download it, then:

  1. Place the image on a USB stick, and insert it into the XO-1.75 laptop's USB port.
  2. Get the Ok prompt,

To install an image onto the external SD card, you need to type:

devalias fsdisk ext:0
fs-update u:\os1.zd

... and then power down, remove the SD card, and insert it in the XO-4.

Setting the Date

The simplest way to set the date after replacing/changing the RTC battery is boot into Open Firmware and type:

wifi <your_essid>
ntp-set-clock

Restrictions

There are no known hardware problems with the C2 model of XO-4.

Spanish Mechanical Keyboard

The XO-4 Touch SKU 301 laptops were built using an incorrect value for the KA manufacturing tag. As a result, some of the keys (such as \) aren't properly mapped when using Open Firmware (ticket #12645). While there are workarounds (e.g. \ may be found as ALT-GR 7), this problem is easy to correct:

 ok fload u:setka.fth esmech

This process is documented at Creating a New Keyboard Layout.

Second serial port

As with XO-1.75, there is a second serial port provided for deep debugging of kernel issues. Unlike XO-1.75, this serial port is not populated by default. If you need to use this serial port, you will have to populate CN23, Q38, Q44, R408, R373, and R98. Like the main serial port, this one operates at +3.3V (using a voltage translator on the motherboard, as the actual SoC pins only tolerate +1.8V).

Documentation

Supporting documentation for these laptops:

See also:

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