OS Builder/Run on XO hardware
It is usually possible, if a bit slow, to run OS builder on XO hardware. On platforms where fast machines are available (such as x86), using a server-class "builder" machine is recommended.
When resources are limited, or if server-class machines are not easily available for the platform (such as ARM), this recipe is recommended.
The procedure has been tested with XO-1.5, XO-1.75 and XO-4 hardware and 13.2.0-13. (OLPC uses this procedure on XO-4 with 13.2.7, so there's a good chance you'll face no extra difficulties using 13.2.7.)
Each of these must be dedicated to the task for as long as you need to make builds:
- an XO-1.5, XO-1.75 or XO-4<ref>use an XO-1.5 to make XO-1 or XO-1.5 builds, and use an XO-1.75 or XO-4 to make XO-1.75 or XO-4 builds. An XO-1 with 13.2.0 cannot be used because there is not enough internal storage space to install the packages described here.</ref>,
- optional<ref>we have tested without swap on XO-1.5, XO-1.75 and XO-4, each of which have at least 1GB of RAM.</ref>; an SD card for swap; minimum size 512 MB, good quality, fast access, e.g. class 10,
- a USB hard disk drive for storing RPMs and build files; minimum size 16 GB, fast, large capacity,
- an unfiltered internet connection<ref>the builder must be able to download files from repositories, and filtering may prevent file downloads, in particular one user reported RPMs starting with the name tracker were blocked.</ref>,
- unsecure laptops to test your builds with,
- a way to distribute your builds to other people.
Each step must be done in order:
- mark the system as a builder, so that it is not taken away by accident,
- install 13.2.0-13,
- boot to Sugar or Gnome, log in, and connect to your wireless network,
- optional; insert a USB ethernet adapter and connect to your wired network<ref>using a USB ethernet adapter instead of a wireless network can make builds go a bit faster, because network packets are not lost. On an XO-4 with the 8787 combined wireless and bluetooth module, use a USB ethernet adapter or upgrade the kernel, see <trac>12694</trac>. Note sure if you have an 8787? See how to check.</ref>,
- start a Terminal and become root:
- disable automatic power management<ref>automatic power management should be disabled because it interferes with the builder; the USB hard drive may not be remounted after a suspend and resume.</ref>:
- configure the system to keep documentation after package installation<ref>the change to macros.imgcreate is needed so that the example files in olpc-os-builder are kept, which are classified as documentation for the olpc-os-builder package, and are deleted by default on OLPC OS.</ref>:
sed -i '/excludedocs/d' /etc/rpm/macros.imgcreate
- install some packages<ref>we need to install many packages to use the system as a builder, because by design OLPC OS does not have these packages already installed.</ref>:
yum install -y ntpdate gparted olpc-os-builder binutils git gcc make libtomcrypt-devel zlib-devel
- ensure the system date and time are correct:
- optional; insert an SD card, and use gparted (Applications -> System Tools -> GParted Partition Editor) to delete the manufacturer's partition and add a linux-swap partition, then add it to the filesystem table:
eval $(blkid -o export /dev/mmcblk1p1) # get the UUID echo UUID=$UUID swap swap defaults 0 0 >> /etc/fstab # add to table swapon -a -v # enable swap
- prepare the USB hard drive using gparted (Applications -> System Tools -> GParted Partition Editor), partitioning it with a single ext4 partition, then add it to the filesystem table:
eval $(blkid -o export /dev/sda1) # get the UUID umount $DEVNAME # unmount from /media mkdir /oob # create a mount point echo UUID=$UUID /oob $TYPE auto,rw 0 0 >> /etc/fstab # add to table mount -a # mount the filesystem
- download v7.0<ref>the v7.0 branch of olpc-os-builder is what was used to create 13.2.1.</ref> of olpc-os-builder to the USB hard drive:
cd /oob # change directory git clone -b v7.0 git://dev.laptop.org/projects/olpc-os-builder # download cd olpc-os-builder # change directory
- build the zhashfs binary:
(cd bin && make)
- optional, for initial testing, not final release; customise your build to make it build faster, by editing examples/olpc-os-13.2.1-xo4.ini
- in the [base] module, set versioned_fs=0 and make_tree_tarball=0, (this disables the use of olpc-update),
- remove the [usb_update] module, (this disables the use of olpc-update with USB drives),
- reduce the [global] langs= to the languages you need,
- Note that these configuration changes disable some functionality which you might need later. So you should only make these changes permanently if you understand what these options do, and you know that you do not need the relevant functionality.
Your setup is ready, you can now make the first build:
The first build will take much longer than subsequent builds, because it will download RPMs and activities to disk. Subsequent builds will still download some package lists, but not as much as the first build.
After the build, the directory /oob/olpc-os-builder/build/output should have the files that can be used to install the build on another system.
On XO-1.5, XO-1.75 and XO-4 with a typical USB hard drive, the build takes between half an hour and an hour on subsequent runs. See experiences for further detail.
When the builder is no longer required, shut it down, remove the SD card and repartition it, remove the USB drive and repartition it, and then reinstall OLPC OS on the system.
Fedora 20 Notes
- use modprobe loop before build,
- on XO-4, <trac>12837</trac> (yum crash, infrequent 25%) presents a difficulty.