Peripherals/Modular Power

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A power generation solution that allows users to create customized solutions to best suit the environment in which they live. The different components include;

Modular Power Diagram.jpg

Power Scenarios (Intended Users)

At the current time we might be considering schools which have no power solutions, but they will need to adopt one of the following scenarios to enable the use of the XOs.

School (Community) Power Scenarios

There are 6 school power scenarios;

  • School has constant and reliable mains power.
  • School has mains power which encounters regular power cuts and spikes.
  • School has power generation, storage and inverters which feed the mains infrastructure in the school.
  • School has power generation and storage which supplies power to the XOs and gang charger.
  • School has power generation feed directly into the gang charger.
  • School has power generation feed directly into the XOs

Student (Individual/Family) Power Scenarios

For a family the community power scenarios may be more relevant depending on the particular circumstances. However, 3 main individual power scenarios exist;

  • Solar
  • Upper body
  • Lower Body


  • Power generation solutions are the most requested peripheral.
  • No one solution is going to solve the power problem in developing countries.


  • This solution takes advantage of local skills and the local environment.
  • Surges or spikes in power will not damage attached equipment.
  • Scalable – Initially small low cost generators and regulators could be purchased but as the users power requirements increase more modules can be added to the system to enable more power to be generated and regulated. The aim is to allow people to build onto their existing power systems instead of having to replace the technology they have already purchased. This acts as a form of financing.


  • Different Gear ratios will be required to run at maximum efficiency - this could add cost.
  • Different situations will have different variability in the power generated.
    • One possible workaround for power variability is to create responsive power consumers - e.g. a multi-charger that only charges as many of its slots as there is power for. But that is another design challenge.



Example of Use

In any of the situations below a storage solution, such as car batteries or the gang charger, could be attached to the power regulator creating an uninterruptible power supply (UPS).

  • Two different schools may both require power, but exist in two very different environments. One has regular strong winds, and the other has a fast moving river near by. To get the most reliable power solution possible both schools require the power regulator and generator, but should select different mechanical modules - the blades for wind and the water wheel for the river. Because both schools are purchasing 2 identical modules the cost will go down due to economies of scale, but because they have different mechanical modules they are still getting a custom power solution.
  • For some locations the mechanical module and generator could be assembled from locally available materials representing the lowest cost option. However they may still require the intelligence of the power regulator to guarantee the safety of equipment attached to this power solution.
  • In some locations electronic equipment may be rare but the understanding and inventiveness of local people to create a mechanical system to drive the generator should be leveraged to enable the best power generation solution. In this situation the power regulator and generator could be purchased and have the custom build mechanical system attached in field.
  • Some schools are already connected to the countries electricity supply so don’t require any generation mechanism. However, in many countries large power spikes or power cuts are common. The power regulator would protect the schools electricity supply preventing damage to electronic equipment and could also act as a UPS if batteries were hooked up to the storage output of the power regulator.
  • "I came to this website trying to find a solution for a school in the western Himalayas - where there is very little sun in the winter - and not much water or wind either - and of course there is no mains power! I guess we will look at finding a longlife laptop battery with good human-powered generators available. Maybe some flywheel-based pedal generator that can be built with local materials is best. If we can find a reliable solution for pedal generation, then it may be possible for batteries to be made redundant - which would be great, as they are expensive, consumable, and don't work well in low temperatures." Reference


  • Concept: Joshua Seal, 15th October 2007