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  1. Contributors Program Project Proposal Form
  3. Details Requested by OLPC Contributor “Community Jury” at January 8, 2010 On-Line Meeting

Project Info

[ #50418] Teaching Methods Workshop for Rural Teachers featuring XO/Sugar Constructivist Learning for Moshi, Tanzania Area [Tim Russell, Virginia/Washington DC, USA]

Project Title & Shipment Detail

Teacher Workshops for Capacity Building in Schools of Rural Moshi, Tanzania

Shipping Address #1 Tim Russell, 3003 Voyage Drive, Stafford, VA 22554 Tel 540 659 1952 Timothy Bruce Russell

Shippping Address #2 Dr Peter and Mama Lucy Renju, Second Chance Education Centre, Plot 98, Rindi Road, Moshi, Tanzania Tel 255 027 2775 4494 Peter J Renju

Number of Laptops (or other hardware) You Request to Borrow:

April 2010 to September 2010 for Workshop Training Shipping Address #2
5 XO-1.5 laptops
Additional Equipment
5 10 watt / 14 volt solar panels
3 PV Solar Panels

Team Participants

Tim and Diane Russell,, tel 540 659 1952

Tim- Retired US Army Officer and Retired NATO officer - Assistant in Diane's Tanzania Projects
Diane: 20 years teaching experience with 15 years at International School of Luxembourg and 7 years additional work to take high school students to community service projects in Moshi, Tanzania, Schools

Dr. Peter Renju,,

Director for Tanzanian NGO Second Chance Education Centre, retired from United Bible society where he translated ancient Greek bible into modern day Kiswahili.
The Project Committee has 10 members from the Moshi rural schools and Mama Renju is the Committee Director who operates the Honey Badger Cultural Centre.
Secondary; Mrs. V. Mkony and Mr. M. Lema, Makaa Primary: Mr. H. Mvungi, Sango Primary; Mr. S. Macha, Komakya Secondary; Mr. E.J. Singada, Mashingia Secondary; Mrs. Delphina Iriya, Jitegemee Primary.
With the Endorsement of: Professor Raymond S. Mosha, DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, and Dr. Peter Renju, co-director, Second Chance Education Centre, Moshi, Tanzania.
With the coordination of: The Kilimanjaro Regional Education Officer. Enclosure 3

Location: Second Chance Education Centre/ Honey Badger Lodge and Cultural Centre, Plot 98, Rindi Road, Msaranga, Moshi, Tanzania. Postal address: Box 8873, Moshi, Tanzania.

Capacity Building Workshop Committee, September 2009


1) To bring the opportunity of teaching practices based on the use of XO/Sugar collaborative learning environment and supporting technologies to a Moshi Tanzania area teachers.
  • Kickoff will be a training workshop either in July 2010 or October 2010
2) Set up a permanent teacher training center at the Second Chance Education Centre.
  • To create opportunities for rural primary and secondary teachers to bridge the gap between their levels through discussions as to which subjects could most successfully take advantage of the XO/Sugar learning style and which areas are most in need of attention. To develop a core group of teachers and an XO teacher education and resource center at the Second Chance Education Center in Moshi Tanzania.
3) The focus of the initial workshop will be on 1.Math, Sciences (Biology, Chemistry and Physics) and Civics, subject areas that have been identified by headmasters as those presenting most difficulty in teaching and for students in passing government examinations.
  • We will use information from existing XO projects in the science areas to demonstrate to teachers the ways in which their science curriculum could be taught using Sugar/XO activities. We will introduce them to the collaborative problem solving applications which use Sugar activities and features such as the recorder, the camera, the video, drawing, measuring and documenting. We will present information on using sensors; introduce the physics activity, discussion of projects where students learn about the ecology and biology of their village.
4) Health education will also be addressed through the Sciences and Civics. The XO environment meets the requirements of the Tanzanian Education Ministry to educate learners in theo basic skills for ICT : keyboards, mouse, selection, drag and drop graphical user interfaces. The hands on engaged environment of the XO provides better learning and engagement. Taking apart and reassembling the XO is a confidence building activity for some of the teachers and a demonstration of the power of full engagement with technology.
5) The XO laptops will be presented as tool to build English language skills. The Speak tool for pronunciation and spelling, recording audio reading of texts that can be loaded into the XO. Lesson plans that teacher develop will be added and adapted for XO use either as rich text or html. Teachers will learn how to create rich text documents. This application of on-line lessons/programs, and access to the vast resource library of the internet will be valuable aids for development of English. Also, the availability of the laptops during the more relaxed sessions of break and evening activities will reinforce English language learning.
To collaborate with related NGO projects for Tanzania, such as Solar Electric Light Fund and OLPCorps Stanford (Opendo).

Moshi Classroom

Plan of Action

  1. Familiarize ourselves with care and operation of XO-1
  2. Learn about XO-1 as a classroom learning tool. Using the rich resource of XO projects and archives of lesson plans.
  3. Bring experienced XO Kenyan Teachers to conduct the XO training
  4. Recruit teachers from Moshi schools to start collaboration and networking to make the most positive use of the XO-1
  5. Collect, document and report how the process of learning with XO-1 could be improved.
  6. Organize followup workshops in Tanzania

Needs and OLPC Community Engagement

Why is this project needed?

Schools have too many students and too few teachers. Also, the schools are very spartan and often do not even have electricity. A major transformation is needed in the way learning is approached.
Locally, in the US we will try to make contacts with Stafford County Schools to gain knowledge and assistance.
In the greater OLPC/Sugar community? This community has the technical and educational OLPC lessons learned that we can use to avoid problems and find the right path.
Outside the community? We have contacted the Tanzanian NGOs Second Chance Education Centre and SAIDA (help)as well as the US NGOs Friends of Tanzania and Africaid.
Why XO: Low power machines are needed in an environment where the electrical outlets are few and far between. It appears that XO-1 can network several laptops in same class without need for audio-visual equipment enabling the teacher to roam and student clusters to self teach. We would like to have a library of shared lessons and plans for lessons. Tanzania has standardized educational achievement tests.
Training Period: Before July, the XO equipment will prepare the project team trained for the July Workshop. The April equipment is to do "show and tells" at the more than 20 rural schools to develop ideas for the areas of most interest. We would like the XO-1.5s and trainers from OLPC Hands of Charity project in Kenya will bring 7 XO-1s.
Sharing Deliverables
A Project URL—where you'll report specific ongoing progress:
How will you convey tentative ideas & results back to the OLPC/Sugar community, prior to completion?
Blog to be added. See link:
How will the final fruits of your labor be distributed to children or community members worldwide?
OLPCNews and Blog
Will your work have any possible application or use outside our community? Yes
If yes, how will these people be reached? We will be reporting to the Tanzanian Education Regional Director.
Have you investigated working with nearby XO Lending Libraries or Project Groups?
The DC Lending library may have a XO available next week.

Would your Project benefit from Support, Documentation and/or Testing people? Yes
Teachers' input into Usability? Yes
How will you promote your work?
Within Tanzania with the Regional Director of Education, Through OLPC and through interested sponsoring NGOs.
Ongoing Mentoring that will benefit you most.
Similar project + use of XO- with audio-visual equipment
Email and Contributor Meetings


  • January and July 2010 prepare for workshop
  • July 2010 run the workshop and S
  • September 2010 prepare after action report

Needs and Objectives

The teachers in the rural schools of Moshi receive low salaries and yet they walk miles to their schools to devote themselves to their students. This learning project will accelerate learning and improve chances that students might continue to higher education and become future professionals and leaders of Tanzania.
The teachers themselves need recognition, renewed confidence, continued education and empowerment. The rural teachers teach the way they were taught: copying, rote-memory, verbal repetition, which leads to stagnation.
During two weeks of September, 2009, the headmasters and head teachers, who form the committee for this project, the director and American facilitator visited and spoke with the staffs at more than 20 rural schools and at two teacher centers, all of whom welcomed and yearned for assistance.
The time-honored method of teaching used in these schools does not allow for the learning of valid conversation, written expression, creative thought and confidence which could instill in students the leadership qualities needed for Tanzanian society of the 21st century. Good, highly motivated teachers, look for professional development opportunities which can impact their teaching approaches.

Project Description

This project offers an organized week-long residential conference/workshop, bringing together local teachers with international teachers in a team-building exercise would provide such a professional development opportunity for all.
The teams would tackle the challenges of a very large student-teacher ratio, a lack of adequate books, paper, pens, technology, even electricity. They work in discussion with the rural teachers to finding alternative ways of conveying knowledge and contributing to the moral development of young adults.
It must be recognized that the goal is neither to impose western culture nor to usurp the existing valued traditions of the people of the region. A prerequisite for the visiting teachers would be the reading of the book, The Heartbeat of Indigenous Africa; A Study of the Chagga Educational System by Raymond Sambuli Mosha, a recognized scholar. Dr. Peter Renju, also an international scholar, and Mama Lucy Renju, a community leader, will introduce the visitors to background information as to their culture and customs. The fact that both groups will reside at Honey Badger Lodge further enhances team-building, conversation and interchange of ideas and culture.

Moshi Educators with Tim and Diane Russell with Moshi


'Methods' - Note the methods and approach will vary according to the input of visiting educators and local teachers. We will work as a team.

  • Practice lessons will be presented to the students of Second Chance, who will also be introduced to the use of laptops by the rural local teachers.
  • Networking with visiting volunteers and local teachers should continue. Reports of continued peer teaching and student progress are expected to be shared and sent bi-annually to the team and the workshop directors and facilitator. Assessments and reviews will be shared as to the format of subsequent teacher capacity building workshops.


'Second Chance Education Center Library and Teacher Resource Center'
The laptops will be stored in the secure area of the library at Second Chance Education Centre, made available for teachers to use there or to check out for use for a limited time at their schools . A substantial financial fine will be imposed if the laptop is not returned.
The goal is for the participating headmasters and teachers to return to their schools as mentors for their colleagues, thus teaching them the applications of technology, then, instructing the students.
Students of Second Chance Education Centre can be given the responsibility of manning the library and computer center, thus empowering their own learning and ability to instruct teachers and other students in computer use and application.
A small stipend will be offered to teachers for travel, attendance and the room and board at the workshop.
Headmasters will assure that teachers to share new pedagogical ideas and techniques with their colleagues at their schools and/or with directors of teachers’ centers.
Follow-up reports by the participating teacher as to adaptation and impact of new skills will be written and sent to Mama Lucy Renju, with copies forwarded to Diane Russell, committee members, Professor Raymond Mosha, and, if appropriate, the Regional Education Officer.
Headmasters will follow a fair selection process for workshop participants and will allow time-off without repercussion.
A certificate of participation and recognition by the Regional Education Officer will be awarded to each teacher.


May/June 2010 Mrs. Diane Russell Familiarization with XO Resources and Use in schools
July 2010 This is the date for the workshop, but is dependent on recruiting teachers for all sessions. If insufficient teachers are available in July, then the date will be set for late October or early November to hold the workshop
Aug - Dec 2010/Oct - March 2011 During this time the teacher and student resource library of 10 XOs will be actively used by teachers at the Second Chance Center to continue to build their XO expertise and structuring XO learning projects with their students
Follow-up workshops we be scheduled in January and March to expand the trained teacher base


The workshop will be designed on a small-scale of approximately 10 visiting teachers to 20 local teachers withresidency at Honey Badger Lodge and the closeness and seriousness of conversation and training. Practice lessons and experimental implementation of different methodology will be taught to the students of Second Chance Education Centre. The plan is to allow time for visits to the other rural schools and actual classroom observation.
Mama Lucy Renju will work with the heads of schools as to the application and selection process of local teachers.
Mrs. Diane Russell will work with sponsors/supportive NGO’s , recommendations of directors, to advertise, recruit, and select visiting teachers in coordination with various international schools and universities.

Costs and Funding

The Second Chance Education Centre is a registered Tanzanian NGO. Funding will be raised to provide for transportation of the local teachers to the Second Chance Education Centre from their schools and for food and board at Honey Badger Lodge.
Funds up to US $ 5000 would be needed to initiate and fund the project.
For further information:

Diane Busher Russell Lucy Renju: 3003 Voyage Drive Stafford, Virginia 22554 Telephone: 255 027 275 4494 USA Home phone: 540 659 1952 Mobile phone: 540 604 7795