XS Community Edition/0.4/Project Specifications

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This IIAB XSCE content does not reflect the opinion of OLPC. These pages were created by members of a volunteer community supporting OLPC and deployments.

School Server - Community Edition 0.4 Project Specifications


A school server provides communication, networking, content, and maintenance to a school and or classroom. In everyday usage the school server provides services which extend capabilities of the connected laptops while being transparent to the user. These services include:

  • Classroom connectivity – Similar to what you would find in an advanced home router.
  • Internet gateway – If available, an internet connection is made available to laptops.
  • Content - Tools are available for deployments and teachers to make instructional media available to their schools and classrooms.
  • Maintenance - Tools are available to keep laptop updated and running smoothly.

Reference User

The XS-CE 0.4 has three types of reference user:

  • Highly motivated volunteers willing to risk the bleeding edge.
  • Skilled sysadmins running micro-deployments.
  • Experienced mid-sized deployment with limited onsite sysadmins.


One of the key design criteria of successful community-based projects is modularity with 'plug in' services


School servers can be either an XO or standard x86 and arm based hardware.


XSCE will run on XO-1.5, XO-1.75, and XO-4 laptops (XO-1 is still a work in process). In common usage, the XO may be augmented by SD cards and two off the shelf USB devices:

  • Network connector – Allow the server to offer internet access to connected XO's.
  • 2 USB ethernet dongles.
  • NEW IN 0.4 -- External USB hard drive – Allows the server to provide additional storage capabilities. Experimental: USB powered hard drives require a powered USB hub between the XO and the drive -- particularly when attached to the XO-1.5.

Please note that XO-1s and XO-1.5 'lite' machines may require an internal SD card to meet XS storage requirements.

Standard Hardware

For greater flexibility some schools will want to use standard hardware. XSCE is currently supporting:

  • Trim-Slice.
  • Raspberry Pi.
  • I386.

Other hardware may work, but is not tested as part of the release process. Please help us by running the tests at testing on your hardware of choice to verify it works.


XSCE will run on either:

  • OLPC-OS 13.2.0
  • Fedora 18

Configuration Tools

Remote Configuration

One of the most pressing logistical challenges for deployments is travel time between schools. If can take days, and weeks in some cases, a technical support person with the needed skills to arrive 'on-site' to fix an issue. XXCE provides two options for remote administration:

  • OpenVPN -- Any individual school server with internet connectivity can be accessed remotely by support staff.


FUTURE: Target users are often not familiar with Linux system administration. Initial setup or fixing a problem with their server is not a good time to introduce system administration skill.



A RPM combined with tested installation instructions necessary to convert a standard XO or Fedora-compatible computer into a School Server.


  • NEW IN 0.4 -- A downloadable USB flash drive image, combined with tested installation instructions, which permit deployment staff to install XSCE software without an internet connection.

Core Services

The core server will contain five services which can be extended via extended services.

Service: Network setup
Provider: xs-setup-network

Service: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Purpose: Schoolserver and clients need to be on same subnet.
Provider: dhcpd

Service: Iptables -- Network Address Translation (NAT)
Purpose: Permits all XO’s to access the internet.
Provider: gateway

Service: Internet domain name server
Provider: named

NEW IN 0.4 -- System monitoring
Purpose: Ensures that all offered services are running as expected
Provider: monit

Service:Jabber server
Purpose: collaboration > 15 clients needs to work.
Provider: ejabberd

Extended Services

Service: Web server
Purpose: Building block for many other extended services
Provider: apache

Service: proxy server and web cache
Purpose: bandwidth, web-filtering, web-monitoring
Provider: squid

Service: Moodle
Purpose: Provides Course Management System
Provider: Moodle

Service: Activity update
Purpose: Enables teachers to easily distribute new or updated activities to their students
Provider: activity updater

Service: OLPC-update
Purpose: OLPC-update is necessary to update the kernel of XO
Provider: rsync

Service: Virtual Private Network (VPN)
Purpose: Creating secure point-to-point or site-to-site connections in routed or bridged configurations and remote access facilities
Provider: openvpn

Service: Backup student work
Purpose: To back up student work
Provider: idmgr

NEW IN 0.4 -- Service: Content filtering (TimM??)
Purpose: age-appropriate surfing, legal compliance, religious risks
Provider: dansguardian and opendns

NEW IN 0.4 -- Service: Statistics Collection
Purpose: Collects users statics for academic research
Provider: pilot monitoring system

NEW IN 0.4 -- Service: Book server (SameerV, AlexK, GeorgeH)
Purpose: Locally currated selection of eBooks?
Provider: https://github.com/PathagarBooks/pathagar

NEW IN 0.4 -- Service: Internet in Box
Purpose: Provide offline content
Provider: http://internet-in-a-box.org/

NEW IN 0.4 -- Service: Customization Stick
Purpose: Permit small deployments to modify stock images (add or subtract activities)
Provider: Tiny Core Linux

Future Features and Objectives

  • Browser-based GUI Config - as primary configuration tool? To configure install setup and core services?
  • ejabberd roster admin
  • Consideration of other devices (Android, Kindle, iPods, iPads)
  • Content curation (beyond dumping stuff into Apache directories)

Future services

Please consider adding features and objectives to this list if you feel they should be included in a future release. If you consider the feature important and are willing and able to do the necessary work please sign your name to take responsibility for that service.

Service: (GeorgeH, Gerald, AnnaS)
Purpose: local distribution/replication of Sugar Activities etc
Provider: pdsh

Service: MediaWiki

Service: Restore student work
Purpose: To restore student work

Service: 1-N WebDEV(JerryV, GeorgeH)
Purpose: Journal submissions to teacher, academic record (homework etc)